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By Conrad Schirokauer

This compelling textual content explores the improvement of China and Japan via their artwork, faith, literature, and concept in addition to via their fiscal, political, and social heritage. the writer group combines powerful learn with large lecture room educating adventure to supply a transparent, constant, and hugely readable textual content that's available to scholars with out past wisdom of the historical past of East Asia.

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57 in. 10 in. 83 lb. 11). The bronzes were of a local character and thus suggest that local craftsmen had adapted the technologies and styles from the North China Plain to create products to suit local tastes. The second civilization is that of Sanxingdui in Southwest China, which was discovered by archeologists in 1980. e. The pits yielded a wealth of material culture, including several hundred bronze, jade, and gold artifacts, cowry shells, and thirteen elephant tusks. As with the artifacts found at the Xingan site, some of the material remains from the Sanxingdui site point to early contacts with the late Neolithic precursors to the Shang—and to other non-Shang Bronze Age civilizations from the middle Yangzi region.

Two dynasties, the Shang (c. ), along with the Xia (ca. ), fall into this category of the Bronze Age. Erlitou and Xia The earliest dynasty mentioned in traditional sources, including Sima Qian’s Historical Records (see Chapter 3), is the Xia, held to have been founded by a legendary super-virtuous sage. For almost a century, modern scholars dismissed not only this account of the founding but the very existence of the Xia as mythical and treated the Shang as the first dynasty. However, beginning in the 1950s, excavations at Erlitou near Luoyang uncovered the remains of a culture evidencing the transition from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age.

Had been removed and killed by a joint force led by vassal states, and his successor, King Ping, survived only after being rescued by the rulers of two powerful states, Jin and Qi, and removed from the Wei River valley in the West to Chengzhou. These two incidents exemplify what became the dominant trends of the Spring and Autumn Period: the decline of Zhou kingship accompanied by the rise of vassal states. 1). e. is known as the Eastern Zhou Period because the dynastic capital was in the Eastern city of Chengzhou.

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