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Additional info for A Cellular Genetic Algorithm with Disturbances: Optimisation Using Dynamic Spatial Interactions

Example text

Here is the contrasting case: char (*pa)[N]; declaration (*pa) char expression [N] type Here the parentheses cause the declarator *pa to be taken as a unit; the declaration says that *pa is an array of N char's. That is, pa is a pointer to an array of N char's. Question [4-1] Just to be sure that you understand the "sandwich rule," jot down the variable name and type for the following declarations.

Any expression whose top-level operators are relational and logical is obviously a "Boolean" expression, but what about Boolean variables? From the interpreter's point of view, any value other than zero or one might be assumed to be non-Boolean. From the human reader's point of view, the program will be easier to understand if Boolean variables are clearly indicated as such. In the type scheme of C Programming Guidelines [Plum, 1984], two defined-types are provided for Boolean variables: bool designates an int-sized Boolean variable, and tbool designates a char-sized Boolean variable.

Our choice is that when an array pointer is given a value, by assignment or passing an argument, the actual right-hand-side expression being assigned will be taken to indicate the target of the array. Thus, in the second example, the target of pb2 is the array b[2] only. One concession to common usage of C: The assignment p = &a[n]; is taken to mean the same thing as p = a + n; which means that the entire array a is the target of the pointer. One further notational convenience: The properties of the target can be attributed to the pointer itself.

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