Download A Formal Theory of Exceptions in Generative Phonology by Wim Zonneveld PDF

By Wim Zonneveld

The structure of the human language school has been one of many major foci of the linguistic learn of the final part century. This department of linguistics, extensively often called Generative Grammar, is anxious with the formula of explanatory formal bills of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior target of gaining perception into the homes of the 'language organ'. The sequence includes top of the range monographs and picked up volumes that tackle such matters. the themes during this sequence diversity from phonology to semantics, from syntax to info constitution, from mathematical linguistics to stories of the lexicon.

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Moreover, the phonetic status of jj_ after back vowels became a. major issue indeed as regards intervocalic jd in the years following Van Haeringen1 s papers. Three papers are primarily relevant in this respect, The hiatus-filling character of j_ and the d-deletion interpretation find a supporter in the Leuvenian scholar Goemans (1931) t who backs up his position with data from the interesting but ill-analysed dialect of Mechelen, He views jj- insertion as originally governed by the palatality of the vowel following deleted £, It appears, however, that the same influence is used by Van Ginneken (I934b) to back up an opposite interpretation.

8n < reden, and so on, under the assumption that WEAKENING deletes d not only after diphthongs, but also after front vowels. To this end, WEAKENING should be reformulated as in (30), (30) d is ("replaced with j[ after back vowels I deleted after diphthongs and front vowels J (i) before suffixal schwa (ii) generally in verbal inflection. - 33 Likewise, HOMORGANIC GLIDE INSERTION (22) should be expanded with an additional subbranch, as in (31)· (31) Insert a homorganic glide in between a vowel or diphthong, and suffixal schwa.

Thus, Bvowels do not simply lengthen before r, but they undergo a change of »colour» ( « t Hart, 1969: 173-4): [a:] goes via [ε] to r, and the non-low vowels go via [a] (see also Blancquaert, 1950: 67)· The same effect, though to a lesser degree, occurs before 1^. Moreover, high B-vowels are short again in case r is followed by a non-dental tautosyllabic consonant (Michels, 1957). Before nasals, high vowels are »half-long« (Hermkens, 1971: 36). They are short before obstruents, although comparatively long before voiced ones (Slis and Cohen, 1969).

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