By Norman Lieberman, Elizabeth Lieberman
The most modern tools for troubleshooting and protecting strategy equipment
Applicable to a huge variety of technicians and industries and entirely up to date all through, A operating consultant to strategy Equipment, Fourth variation, explains how one can diagnose, troubleshoot, and proper issues of chemical and petroleum refining strategy gear. 9 new chapters hide:
- Tray layout information
- Shell-and-tube warmth exchanger layout info
- Relief valve process layout
- Vapor lock and exchanger flooding in steam platforms
- Steam new release working and layout info
- Wastewater strippers
- Thermodynamics -- the way it applies to procedure apparatus
- Centrifugal pumps -- decreasing seal and bearing disasters
- Hand calculations for distillation towers
- Vapor -- liquid equilibrium, absorption, and stripping calculations
Filled with examples and illustrations, this functional source demonstrates how concept applies to fixing real-world plant operation difficulties. chosen hand calculation equipment also are provided.
Comprehensive insurance includes:
Distillation Tower Trays * Tower strain regulate * Distillation Towers * Reboilers * Tower Internals * tools * Packed Towers * Steam and Condensate platforms * Bubble aspect and Dew element * Steam Strippers * Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics * Pumparounds and Tower warmth Flows * Condensers and Tower strain keep an eye on * Air Coolers * Deaerators and Steam structures * Steam new release * Wastewater Strippers * Vacuum platforms * Steam generators * floor Condensers * Shell-and-Tube warmth Exchangers * Fired warmers * Refrigeration structures * Cooling Water platforms * Catalytic results * Centrifugal Pumps * keep an eye on Valves * Separators * Centrifugal Compressors and Surge * Reciprocating Compressors * Corrosion * Fluid circulate in Pipes * Super-Fractionation level * computing device keep watch over * box Troubleshooting
Read or Download A Working Guide to Process Equipment PDF
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Additional info for A Working Guide to Process Equipment
AC motor Most of our pumps are driven by alternating current (AC), three-phase motors. Such motors that drive pumps are usually fixed-speed drivers. Direct current (DC) motors are rarely used in process plants. NPSH (net positive suction head) The net positive suction head required to keep a centrifugal pump from cavitating. Cooling a liquid in a pump’s suction line increases the pump’s available NPSH, as does increasing the liquid level in the suction drum. Entrainment Droplets of liquid are carried out of a vessel with the effluent vapors.
If a bird’s nest or snow clogs the vent, then the trapped air builds pressure in the stand-pipe. The backpressure from the stand-pipe restricts the flow of water from the bowl, and the toilet can no longer flush properly. This is an example of Bernoulli’s equation in action. A steam vacuum ejector (jet) works in the same way. Centrifugal pumps and centrifugal compressors also work by converting velocity to pressure. Steam turbines convert the steam’s pressure and enthalpy to velocity, and then the high velocity steam is converted into work, or electricity.
It worked rather well, until the little air compressor motor began smoking. 4 Reducing Hydrocarbon Partial Pressure One day my mother served me a bowl of mushroom soup which I didn’t want to eat. I disliked mushroom soup, but I was a practical child. It would serve no purpose to tell my mother I hated the taste of mushrooms because she would say, “I’ve spent all day cooking. ” So I said, “Mom, the soup is too hot. ” While I knew this would cool the soup, I really didn’t like mushrooms. So I responded, “Mom, why will blowing across the soup cool it off?