By Innocenzo Muzzalupo, Sabrina Micali
The reference provides targeted study at the olive (Olea europaea) and the stone fruit. Readers will find out about the biotechnology, plant food, plant breeding, pomology, postharvest body structure, plant pathology of those plant species. In a realistic feel, the publication additionally offers acceptable agricultural wisdom approximately those crops for crop development, construction, meals, pest administration, sickness, genetic, genomic and the meals industry.
The contributions through the authors of this booklet comprise descriptions in regards to the manipulation of variables and genetic assets of inheritance of quantitative genes, crop rotation, soil water, and the impression of temperature on crop construction. facets resembling conserving plants opposed to pests and illnesses when making sure the safety of human overall healthiness also are taken into account.
This is a beneficial reference for college students, scientists, horticulturists and, as a rule, for somebody wishing to procure wisdom and adventure with olives and drupes to extend productiveness.
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Extra info for Agricultural and Food Biotechnology of Olea europaea and Stone Fruits
Damages: It is an antagonist among insects of olive groves as a predator of olive fly eggs, but in table olive cultivation it is a pest because its symbiontic fungus Camarosporium dalmaticum causes fruit rot that appreciably decreases the economic value of production. Control: The control of this Cecidomyidae is usually carried out by utilising the same products utilised against the olive fruit fly. Chemical active agents are utilised under conventional and integrated regimes, whilst vegetal biocides are utilisable in organic farming.
It feed on several plants. Adults appear from March-June. They are nocturnal and during the day-time remain under soil. After mating females lay eggs in the soil where larvae feed on the roots of several herbaceous plants. After ten moultings, the larvae pupate in the soil from April-May. It has only one generation per year and hibernates in the soil. Damages: Economic damage is produced within new plantations on small plantlets, because it feeds preferably on new shoots and leaves. Foliar erosions are semi-circular avoiding main nervure.
Slight boron deficiency causes low fertility of the flowers, and an increase of ovary abortion. Boron deficiency is nevertheless easily resolvable through leaf treatments during the pre-flowering stage. In intensive, specialized olive orchards, the supply of fertilizers is carried out in different ways, according to the state of the crop and the purpose of its application. Fertilizers are normally spread on the soil, because the nutrition of trees depends physiologically on the absorption of nourishing elements through the roots.