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By Christoph Meinel

One of many major difficulties in chip layout is the massive variety of attainable mixtures of person chip parts, resulting in a combinatorial explosion as chips turn into extra advanced. New key leads to theoretical machine technological know-how and within the layout of information buildings and effective algorithms, might be utilized fruitfully the following. the applying of ordered binary selection diagrams (OBDDs) has resulted in dramatic functionality advancements in lots of computer-aided layout initiatives. This textbook offers an advent to the principles of this interdisciplinary learn zone with an emphasis on purposes in computer-aided circuit layout and formal verification.

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Algorithms & Data Structures in VLSI Design

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Algorithms (Алгоритмы)

Из предисловия к книге
". .. The booklet comprises 40 chapters that are grouped into seven significant components: mathematical algorithms, sorting, looking out, string processing, geometric algorithms, graph algorithms and complicated themes. a huge target within the improvement of this booklet has been to compile the elemental tools from those assorted components, for you to supply entry to the simplest tools that we all know for fixing difficulties via laptop for as many of us as attainable. "

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S ✕✒✎✡✜❏✆➛✄✳✦✲✦✥✄❜s❖✑✥✤✡✽❑✦✲✜✧❱♦❱✻✭⑥✆➛✄✘✦✥✦✥✄❜s✰✓✩✜✧✭✘✓✒✑✥✦✲✴ ♥ ✞ ☛✶ ✡✪✡ ✩ ✧✾✠ ★ ✠ ✘❋✾ ✆✆☎ ✁ ★✰✦✵✺ ✁ ✙ ✭ ✪❋❊ ✱✍✦ ✙ ✭ ✯✰✶✕✏ ✌✞✛❀✎✒✛❃✓❉✌ ✧✖✠ ✵✠ ✍ ✴✩✬❅✛✑✣✏✯✖✱✍✢ ✥▲✶ ✙■★✟✯✧✯✖✱■✺ ✭ ③ ❁✞✩✱✑✔✕ ✥ ✾❙★✟✯✧✯ ✁ ✙ ✭ ✶✍★✰✪❃✥▲✶❋✾■❏ ✁ ✆✆☎ ✍ ✴✩✬✜✛✹✣✍✯✖✱✏✢ ✥▲✶❆✙✜★✟✯✧✯✖✱■✺ ✭ ③ ✙✦✓ ✡ ✆✞❇❃✶ ✎✒✶ ❯ ✥ ✾ ✣■✛✰✪❋❊ ✥▲✶ ✭ ✌❁❊ ★✟✬❅✺ ★✰✦✩✺ ✙ ✭ ✝ ❁✞✶✷✓✻✑✔☛ ✶ ✡☞✧✖✠ ✵✠ ✔ ✱✏✪ ✣■✱ ★✟✦ ✭ ✌✿✙■✛✰✢✝✴✩✯✖✱✍✪✫✱ ✴✵✬❅✛✹✣✍✯✖✱✍✢ ✘✵❊ ✱✍✦ ✪✧❊✒✱ ✾✏✛✟✯✧✯✖✛ ☛☎✥✧✦●✻ ❊✒✛✰✯✖✺✰✶ ✘❋✾ ✙ ✭ ✪✧❊✒✱✏✦✤✭ ✴ ✭ ✘❋✾ ✙ ✭ ✪✧❊✒✱✏✦✚★✟✯✧✯ ✭ ✌✿✙■✛✰✢✝✴✩✯✖✱✍✪ ✱ ✴✵✬❅✛✹✣✍✯✖✱✍✢✘✶ ✁ ✶✏★✟✪❁✥▲✶❋✾■❏ ✁ ✙ ✭ ✟ ✬❅✛❩✛ ✾ ❨❦✜✣✕ ✙ ✭✤❄✌ ✭✝✤✙✮♦✦✥✜€✕ ✁ ✬▲✜✰✭✝✤❑✭✝✁☎✬✡✑✲✕✒✁✪✭✝✁☎✴❘✗✡✁✒✄✳✬✡✦✥✜✣❱ ✑✥✤ ✭❑✞ ❯ ✓✼✑✥✤❑✗✙✭✝✁✒✕✒✑✔✺€✸✙✦✥✭✘✁ ✑✥✓ ❫ ✭ ✾❉✎✙✭✝✁✪✮❲❄✌ s✏✜❫✎✙✭❋✱✳✜ ✁ ✆✆☎ ✻✞✂★✩✎✡✜✧✤✫❨❦✜✧❱❑❱❑✭❑❃●✞①❊■✑✲❱❑✗✡✦✥✑✲✜☞✓ ✁ ✙ ❑✭ ✞ ❯ ✓ ✁ s✩✭✘✓ ✺✪✎✡✄❄✓✖✜✧✤r✭✘✁✒✬✡✑✲✕✒✁✪✭✝✁☎✑✥✦✲✴❑✆➛✁☎✄✘❱ ✭✤✙✌ s✏✜❏✎✙✭❋✱✳✜ ✭ ✴ ❑✭ ✞ ❣ ✄❜s ✦✲✜✣✕ ✙ ✭✤✡✌ ✭✝✤✙✮✻✦✥✜€✕ ✁ ✬✍✜❏✭✝✤ ❫ ✭ ✾❉✺✣✄✘❱❑✗✡✦✥✜€✕✒✜☛✗✡✁☎✄✘✬✡✦✥✜✣❱ s❖✑✲✕✒✎ ✁ ✙ ❑✭ ✞ ❯ ✺✧✺€✄✳✁☎✮❙✾ ✑✥✤✡✽❘✕✒✄❇✕✒✎✡✜ ✙❳ ✁☎✓✖✕✏✓✖✕☎✭✝✕✒✜✣❱❑✜✧✤✳✕❬✄✝✆ ✕✒✎✙✜✰✕✒✎✙✜✣✄✘✁☎✜✣❱ s✏✜✿✎✙✭❋✱✘✜ ✭ ✴ ✭✤❄✌ ✭✘✤✙✮❑✎✡✜✣✤✍✺€✜ ✙ ✭ ✝ ✂ ☛✞ ✁ ✂ ✂ ✁ ✂ ✁ ✡ ✂ ☛ ✠☛✡ ✂ ✒✓✡ ✂ ✁ ✁ ✁✞ ✡ ✡ ✁ ✂ ✡ ✂ ✂ ✡ ✂ ✁ ✡ ✒✓✡ ✁ ✡ ✂ ✠☛✡ ✂ ✂ ✂ ✁ ✂ ✁ ✁ ✂ ✁ ✁ ✂ ✂ ✁ ✑✥✤✛✺✣✄✘✤❄✕✒✁✪✭✘✮✡✑✥✺€✕✒✑✥✄✘✤✵✕☎✄❑✕✒✎✡✜■✭✳✓✒✓✒✸✡❱❑✗●✕☎✑✲✄✳✤❦✞ ✞ ✘★✩✎✡✖✜✻✩✧✡ s❬✜✣✆ ✑✥✽✘❇✢✶ ✎❄✕❘✧✖✄✝✠✢✟ ✆❬✖✕✒✠✎✡✜ ✗✖❡❩✸ ✾❶✕✒✎ ❯ ✤❙❱✻✸✡✽✘✭✘✽✳✤✢✜€✕❘✎✙✭✘✑✥✓ ✓✿✑✲✤❙✱✳✄✳✜✧✸✡✓✖✕✒✤✙✜✧✺✣✮ ✜✧✓✧✭✝✞✵✦✥✦❈❛✡✎✡✄✘✑✔✁■✓☛✓✒❱♦✑✥❱♦✄✳✤✡✗✙✜✣✦✲✑✔✴✛✺€✑✲✕✟✑✥✤✴✹✌❈❀✝s✏❥q✜✻✽✘✭✘✄✳✓☎✦✥✮✛✓✒✸✡✤❙❱❑✸✡✜⑥✽✳✽✘✕☎✜€✎✙✕✪✭❜✓✣✕ ✞ ✞ ✌✑ ✞ ❾ ✭ ✮ ❾ ✣✴✣✴✣ ❾ ✭✡✠ ✜ ✭ ★ ✚ ☞ ✔✌ ✘✭ ✁✒✜❬✤✙✭❜✕☎✸✡✁✪✭✝✦❄✤❄✸✙❱❇✬▲✜✣✁✪✓✣✞ ✎✡✜✣✤⑥✕✒✎✙✜❬❱✻✭✘✤♦✮●✑✥✜✧✓ ❜✎✡✑✔✓✶✦✥✭✳✓✟✕✶s❖✑✥✦✲✦✡✺✣✄✘✤❄✕☎✭✘✑✲✤✙✓ ✕✒✎✙✜✹✆➛✄✘✦✥✦✲✄❜s❖✑✥✤✡✽ ✺✣✄✘✤✙✮●✑✲✕✒✑✥✄✘✤✷♥✢❩❉✆❘✎✡✑✥✓q✁✒✑✔✺✪✎✡✜☞✓✻✺✣✭✝✤ ✬▲✜✢✓✒✗✡✦✲✑✲✕q✑✥✤❄✕✒✄ ✕✟s❬✄ ✗✙✭✝✁✒✕☎✓✻✄✘✆❘✜ ❄✸✙✭✝✦ s❬✜✣✑✥✽✘✎❄✕ ❜✕☎✎✡✜✣✤♦✜✧✭✳✺✪✎❇✄✘✆✙✎✡✑✔✓✼✮✡✭✝✸✡✽✳✎❄✕✒✜✣✁✪✓◗✓✖✎✡✄✳✸✡✦✔✮❇✄✳✬●✕☎✭✘✑✲✤⑥✄✘✤✡✜✩✄✝✆✙✕✒✎✡✜☞✓✖✜✩✗✙✭✘✁✖✕✪✓✣✞❈❩❉✆✍✑✥✤✙✓✟✕☎✜✧✭✳✮ ✕✒✎✙✜✣✁☎✜❘✑✥✓✩✤✡✄✵✓✒✸✙✺✪✎r✗✙✭✝✁✒✕✒✑✲✕✒✑✥✄✘✤ ❙✕✒✎✡✜✧✤✛✭✘✦✲✦➆✎✙✑✥✓❖✽✳✄✘✦✔✮✫✓✒✎✡✄✳✸✡✦✥✮✫✽✘✄♦✕☎✄⑥✕☎✎✡✜■✺✪✎❙✸✡✁✪✺✪✎❦✞ ★✩✎✡✜♦✽✘✜✧✤✡✜✣✁✪✭✝✦ ✳✸✙✜✧✓✖✕✒✑✥✄✘✤✹✕☎✎✡✜✣✁☎✜€✆➛✄✳✁✒✜⑥✑✥✓✧♥✰❩✟✓☛✑➀✕❏✗✍✄❄✓✒✓✒✑✥✬✡✦✲✜❇✕✒✄✛✮●✑✥✱❄✑✔✮●✜♦✭q✓✒✜€✕❏✄✝✆ ✂ ✤✙✭✝✕✒✸✡✁✪✭✝✦ ✤❙✸✡❱❇✬▲✜✣✁✪✓ ✎ ✭ ✞ ❾ ❾✳✭ ✠ ✖☛✑✥✤✻✕✟s❬✄❇✓✖✸✙✬✙✓✖✜✣✕☎✓❬✓✖✸✍✺✪✎✻✕✒✎✙✭✝✕♠✕☎✎✡✜☛✓✒✸✡❱✻✓♠✄❜✱✳✜✣✁✂✜☞✭✘✺✪✎✵✓✒✸✡✬✙✓✒✜€✕✩✭✝✁☎✜ ✜ ❄✸✙✭✘✆ ✦ ☛ ★✩✎✙✑✥✓♦✗✡✁☎✄✘✬✡✦✥✜✣❱ ✑✔✓✻✺✣✭✘✦✲✦✥✜✧✮ ✁ ✭✘✤✙✮ ✑✔✓ ✁ ❫✾❉✺✣✄✘❱❑✗✡✦✥✜€✕☎✜✘✞ ★✩✎✡✜ ✝ ✝ ✓✖✕✒✁✪✭✝✑✥✽✘✎❄✕✖✆➛✄✳✁✒s✩✭✝✁✪✮ ✕☎✁✒✑✔✭✝✦✲✾❁✭✝✤✙✮❙✾❉✜✣✁☎✁☎✄✘✁❑❱❑✜€✕✒✎✙✄❙✮ ✑✥✓✫✄✘✤✡✦✥✴◆✗✡✁☎✭✳✺❽✕☎✑✥✺✧✭✝✦❖✆➛✄✳✁✫✓✒❱❑✭✘✦✲✦ ✂ ✿✭✘✓q✑➀✕ ✁☎✜ ❄✸✡✑✥✁✒✜☞✓✂✕☎✜✧✓✖✕✒✑✥✤✡✽❇✄✘✆❈✭✝✦✥✦ ❃ ✠ ✗✍✄❄✓✒✓✒✑✥✬✡✑✲✦✥✑✲✕✒✑✥✜✧✓✏✑✲✤q✕✒✎✡✜❫s✏✄✳✁☎✓✖✕❬✺✧✭✘✓✒✜✘✞ ❣ ✄✘✕✒✜✰✕☎✎✙✭❜✕✩✑✲✆❈✓✖✄✳❱❑✜✣✄✘✤✙✜ ✽✘✑✥✱✘✜☞✓✩✴✘✄✳✸r✭❑✓✒✄✘✦✥✸●✕✒✑✥✄✘✤ ●✴✳✄✘✸✛✺✣✭✘✤✫✱✳✜✣✁☎✑➀✆➛✴✻✕☎✎✡✑✔✓✰✓✖✄✳✦✲✸✡✕✒✑✥✄✘✤r✱✘✜✣✁☎✴✻✜✧✭✳✓✖✑✥✦✥✴✘✞ ❃ ★✩✎✡✜❑✆➛✄✘✦✥✦✥✄❜s❖✑✲✤✡✽✹✗✙✁✒✄✳✬✡✦✲✜✧❱ ◗✺✧✭✝✦✥✦✲✜☞✌ ✮ ☞ ✁ ✝ ✝ ✁ ✁ ✚ ✝ ❈✑✔✓■✭✝✦✔✓✒✄ ✁ ❫✾❁✺€✄✘❱❑✗✡✦✥✜€✕☎✜✘✞⑥❍❫✑✥✱✘✜✧✤ ✭✘✤ ✸✡✤✍✮●✑✲✁☎✜✧✺€✕✒✜☞✮✢✽✘✁✪✭✝✗✙✎ s❖✑✲✕✒✎ ✂ ✤✡✄●✮●✜✧✓ ❦✮●✄❙✜✧✓☛✕☎✎✡✜✣✁☎✜⑥✜ ●✑✥✓✖✕■✭ ✺€✴●✺✣✦✲✑✔✺❇✗✍✭❜✕✒✎ ✄✝✆♠✦✥✜✣✤✙✽✝✕✒✎ ✂ ✕✒✎✡✁☎✄✘✸✙✽✘✎✹✕☎✎✡✜⑥✽✳✁☎✭✘✗✡✎✢s❖✎✡✑✔✺✪✎✢✕☎✁☎✭❋✱✳✜✣✁✪✓✖✜☞✓❖✜✧✭✳✺✪✎✢✤✡✄●✮●✜♦✑✲✤ ✕✒✎✡✜ ✽✘✁✪✭✝✗✙✎✫✜ ●✭✳✺❽✕☎✦✲✴✵✄✳✤✙✺€✜✍☛ ✺ ✭ ✔✌ ✔✓ ✔✓ ✗ ✑✸ ✭ ✓ ✣✴✣✴✣ ✌ ✭ ✌ ✍✎ ✔✓ ✽✌ ✖ ✄ ☛ ☛✒ ✭ ✖ ☛ ✣✒ ☛✩✖ ✔✁✌ ☛✩✄ ✁ ☛ ☎✌ ✌ ✍✎ ❼ ➓✩➁✣✇❁✉❄✈①➈❄❻ ➔❽→ ✯✰✶✕✏ ✌✞✛❀✎✒✛❃✓❉✌ ✧✖✠✢✟✡✟❉✠ ✘✵❊ ✱ ✙✦✓ ✡ ✆ ❇✢✶☛✡ ✶✷✌✏✎✒✩✫✑ ✥ ✴✩✬✜✛✹✣✍✯✖✱✏✢ ✛ ✾✝★❍✺✹✱■✙✏✥▲✶✭✥✮✛✟✦✘✴✵✬❅✛✹✣✍✯✖✱✍✢ ✬❅✱✏✶✭❂❄✯ ✪✮✶☎✾■✬❅✛✟✢ ✣✏❏ ✦✵✱❃✻❉★✰✪❃✥✧✦❉✻ ★✰✯✧✯ ★✰✦ ✶☞☛◗✱✍✬■✶ ✍ ✺✹✱■✙✍✥▲✶■✥✮✛✟✦❙✴✩✬❅✛✑✣✏✯ ✱✏✢ ✥▲✶ ✙■★✰✯✧✯ ✱✜✺ ✙✥✓✮③ ✭ ③ ✙✦✓ ✡ ✆ ❇✢✶ ✎✒✶ ❯✒✥ ✾ ✪❋❊ ✱☛✙■✛✰✢✝✴✩✯✖✱✍✢ ✱✏✦ ✪✫★✟✬✭❏✲✴✵✬❅✛✹✣ ✌ ✯✖✱✍✢ ✥▲✶ ✭ ✌✿✙■✛✟✢ ✴✵✯✖✱✏✪ ✱ ✘ ✖✧✩ ✡ ✆ ❇✢✶ ✧✖✠✢✟✫✧✾✠ ★✩✎✙✜❏✆➛✄✘✦✥✦✲✄❜s❖✑✥✤✡✽❑✗✡✁☎✄✘✬✡✦✥✜✣❱ ✑✔✓ ✙✦✓❥③ ✭❫✾❁✺€✄✳❱❑✗✡✦✲✜✣✕✒✜✳♥ ☛✍✌ ✆✞✗✘✎ ✔ ❯ ✤r✸✙✤✙✮●✑✥✁✒✜☞✺❽✕✒✜☞✮r✽✘✁✪✭✝✗✡✎✫s❖✑➀✕☎✎ ✂ ✤✡✄●✮●✜☞✓✣✞ ✒✿✗✘✎ ✆ ✗✘✎ ✔ ✆ ✜✧✓✞✝ ✍✌ ✑➀✆✼✕☎✎✡✜✣✁☎✜ ✺✑✛✔✱✏✶✘✦✵✛✰❖✪ ✜✏●✎ ✑✔✓✟✕❫✭✵✺€✴●✺€✦✥✑✔✺❘✗✙✭❜✕☎✎✢✄✝✆✼✦✥✜✣✤✡✽✘✕✒✎ ✂ s❖✎✡✑✔✺✪✎✛✕✒✁✪✭❜✺ ✾ ✱✘✜✧✁☎✓✒✜✧✓❬✜☞✭✘✺✪✎r✤✡✄●✮●✜❘✑✲✤r✕☎✎✡✜❘✽✘✁✪✭✝✗✡✎✫✜✏✡✎ ✭✘✺€✕✒✦✥✴✵✄✘✤✍✺€✜✘✞ ✆ ❣ ✄ ✝✒●✌ ✄✝✕☎✎✡✜✣✁☎s❖✑✥✓✒✜✘✞ ✂ ✂ ✂ ✂ ✂ ✡ ✁ ✁ ✡ ✁ ✞ ✁ ❛❝❜✄✂✆☎ r✧♥ ☛ ♦✕q ✛ ✩✫✪✜❁✘✛❃✌✘❄✘✠ ✹✌ ❁✘✩✻✪✒❁✞✛✢✌✞❄ ☞ ★✩✎✡✜❬✕☎✜✣✁☎❱ ✮●✜✣✤✡✄✘✕✒✜☞✓◗✮✙✭❜✕☎✭❏✓✖✕✒✄✳✁☎✭✘✽✘✜✏✭✘✤✙✮■✁☎✜€✕☎✁✒✑✥✜✣✱❜✭✘✦❄❱❑✜☞✺✪✎✙✭✝✤✡✑✔✓✒❱❑✓ s❖✎✡✑✔✺✪✎ ✺€✄✳❱♦✗✙✸●✕✒✜❑✕☎✎✡✜q✭✘✮✙✮●✁✒✜☞✓✒✓✒✜✧✓❏✄✘✆✩✕✒✎✡✜q✮✙✭❜✕☎✭✛✁☎✜✧✺✣✄✘✁✪✮✡✓☛✆➛✁✒✄✳❱➎✺✣✄✘✁☎✁✒✜☞✓✖✗▲✄✘✤✍✮●✑✲✤✙✽✫❚✳✜✣✴●✓✣✞ ❛✡✄✳✁✒❱✻✭✘✦✲✦✥✴ ✡✭♦✎✙✭✳✓✖✎✫✆➛✸✡✤✙✺€✕✒✑✥✄✘✤ ✝ ✏❳ ☎ ⑤ ♥✟✞ ✎✙✭✳✓❑✕✒✄ ✬▲✜✢✮●✜ ✙✤✙✜✧✮◆s❖✎✡✑✔✺✪✎◆❱✻✭✘✗✙✓♦✕✒✎✡✜✢✓✒✜€✕✵✄✘✆❫❚✳✜✣✴●✓✠✞ ✕☎✄ ✭ ✓✖✜✣✕✵✄✝✆❘✭✘✮✡✮●✁☎✜✧✓☎✓✒✜✧✓❇⑤■✞ ❯ ✮✡✭✝✕☎✭✛✁☎✜✧✺✣✄✘✁✪✮✢s❖✑✲✕✒✎ ✭✛❚✘✜✧✴ ✳✙ ✞ ✑✔✓❏✕☎✎✡✜✣✤ ✓✖✕✒✄✳✁✒✜☞✮ ✭✝✕❘✕✒✎✡✜q✭✳✮✡✮●✁☎✜✧✓☎✓ ✝ €✞✫❧♠✭✳✺✪✎ ✓✒✸✡✬✙✓✒✜ ❄✸✡✜✣✤❄✕✩✁✒✜✣✕✒✁☎✑✲✜✧✱❜✭✝✦✙✁☎✜ ❄✸✡✜☞✓✟✕✏✆➛✄✘✁✏✕✒✎✡✑✔✓✩✮✡✭❜✕✪✭■✁☎✜✧✺✣✄✘✁✪✮✻✺€✄✘✤✍✓✖✑✔✓✟✕✪✓✏✓✒✄✘✦✥✜✣✦✥✴❑✄✝✆✷✺✣✄✘❱❑✗✡✸●✕☎✑✲✤✡✽ ✕✒✎✙✜❘✎✙✭✘✓✒✎✛✱❋✭✘✦✲✸✙✜ ✝ ❖✭✝✤✍✮✫✓✒✜✧✭✘✁☎✺✪✎✡✑✥✤✡✽❑✭❜✕✩✕✒✎✙✑✥✓✰✭✳✮✡✮●✁☎✜✧✓☎✓✣✞ ❩❁✤⑥✕✒✎✡✜✩✮●✜✧✓✒✑✥✽✘✤❇✄✘✆✙✎✙✭✳✓✖✎❘✕☎✜✧✺✪✎✡✤✙✑ ❄✸✡✜☞✓✷✕✟s❬✄✿✑✥❱❑✗✍✄✳✁✖✕✪✭✝✤❄✕✼✭✘✓✒✗✍✜☞✺❽✕☎✓◗✎✙✭❋✱✳✜✂✕☎✄☛✬▲✜❬✺✣✄✘✤✙✓✒✑✔✮●✜✣✁☎✜✧✮➆♥ ✔✓ ✔✓ ✗ ✸ ✗ ✸ ✓ ✁ ✓❉❇❃❇✢✛❃✪✒✭✝✛❃✓❉✤✍✌✞✮q✪ ✑✔✔ ✮●✜✣❩❉✕☛✤❄✕☎✎✙✑✥✺✧✭✘✭✝✓✩✦❦✕☎✎✙✄✵✭✳✬▲✓✖✎r✜❇✱❜✮●✭✝✜€✦✥✕☎✸✡✜✣✜✁☎❱❑✑✲✗ ✤✡✜☞✸✲✮✛✴ ✎✡✄❜s➋✗ ✸❬✕✒✎✡✑✥✜❇✓✩✎✍✺✧✭✘✭✝✓✒✤✙✜❘✮●✦✥✄✝✜✧✆✶✮❦✕✟✞ s❬✄✻❚✘✜✣✴●✓ ✭✝✤✙✮ ✄ s❖✑➀✕☎✎ ✁✭✝✤✍❁✘✮✫✓✡✓✒✛✢✎✡✙✥✶✄✘✸✙✓✡✦✥✮r✸ ❁✘✮●✑✔✩✫✓✟✪✜✕☎✁✒❁ ✑✥✬✡✸✺✸●✗✘✕☎✌✞✜❏✙✚✕✒✎✜✎✡✛✢✜■✓✡✌ ✓✒✜€✔ ✕❖★✩✄✝✎✡✆◗✜☛❚✘✜✧ ✎✙✴❙✭✘✓ ✓✒✎❑✆➛✸✡✭✘✄✤✙✓❬✺€✜✣✕✒✱✳✑✥✄✘✜✣✤✤✛✭✝✤✙✓✖✮r✎✡✄✳✭✘✸✡✓✩✦✔✮❑✁✪✭✝✬✍✤✍✜☛✮●✄✘✜✧❱❑✭✘✓✒✦✥✴■✴✵✕☎✭✘✄❇✓✩✺€✗▲✄✳✄✳❱❑✓☎✗✡✓✖✑✥✸●✬✡✕✒✦✥✜✜ ✄✴ ✂ ✄ ✝ ✝ ✝ ✗➛✑✥✤✛✄✘✁✪✮●✜✣✁✩✕☎✄❑❚✘✜✣✜✧✗q✕☎✎✡✜❘✤❙✸✡❱❇✬▲✜✣✁✿✄✝✆◗✺✣✄✘✦✥✦✲✑✔✓✒✑✲✄✳✤✙✓❖✓✖❱✻✭✘✦✲✦✧✸❽✞ ✁ ✓❉❇❃❇✢✛❃✪✒✛❃✓❉✌ ❇❃✛✢✪✒✎✦✠ ❯ ✤ ✜✧✭✳✓✖✴✛s✩✭❋✴✫✕☎✄q✕☎✁✒✜☞✭❜✕❏✺€✄✘✦✥✦✥✑✥✓✒✑✲✄✳✤✙✌ ✓☛✕✒✑✥✎✡✓☛✜✹✕✒✄r✓✒✄✝✦✥✾❁✑✲✺✣✤✡✭✝❚✢✦✥✦✥✜✧✮✙✮ ✭❜✕☎✙✥✭✫✓❉✄✘❇❃❇✢✬ ✛✢❱✟✪✜✜✧✛✢✺❽✓✡✕✪✌✂✓❫s❖❇✢✛✢✑➀✪✒✕☎✎ ✎ ✞ ✑✔✮●✜✣✤❄✕✒✑✔✺✣✭✘✦❖✎✙✭✘✓✒✎ ✱❜✭✘✦✲✸✡✜☞✓♦✕✒✄✳✽✘✜€✕☎✎✡✜✣✁♦✑✥✤◆✭ ✦✥✑✲✤✡✜☞✭✝✁❑✦✥✑✥✓✖✕✔♠ ❲❙✜☞✭✝✁✪✺✪✎✡✑✲✤✙✽✛✆➛✄✘✁❇✭✢✮✙✭❜✕☎✭✛✁☎✜✧✺✣✄✘✁✪✮ s❖✑➀✕☎✎ ❚✘✜✣✴ ✕☎✎✡✜✣✤ ✁☎✜✔❄✓ ✸✡✑✥✁✒✜☞✓■✺€✄✳❱❑✗✡✸●✕✒✑✥✤✡✽ ✗ ✸✭✼✌ ✭✝✤✍✮ ✓✒✸✡✬✙✓✒✜✔❄✓ ✸✡✜✣✤❄✕☎✦✲✴ ✓✖✜☞✭✝✁✪✺✪✎✡✑✲✤✙✽r✓✒✜✔❄✓ ✸✡✜✧✤✳✕☎✑✥✭✘✦✲✦✥✴✹✆➛✄✳✁ ✑✲✤ ✕☎✎✡✜q✺€✄✳✦✲✦✥✑✔✓✖✑✥✄✘✤ ✦✲✑✔✓✖✕❇✺€✄✘✁☎✁☎✜✧✓✒✗✍✄✳✤✙✮●✑✥✤✡✽ ✕✒✄ ✗ ❽✸ ✞ ✘✭✻✖✓✖✕✒✧✩ ✁☎✡ ✑✲✤✡✽✆ ❇✢✶ ✴ ✧✖✠✢✟✱❆✖✣✒✠ ✣✴❨✷✣ ✜€✕✸ ✡✌ s❬✜❘✬✍✜✰✮●✜✏✕✒✎✡✍❳ ✜✰✤✡✜❏✓✒✜€✕✒✕✂✎✡✄✘✜■✆▲✺✣✭✝✄✘✦✥✁☎✦✙✁✒✓✖✜☞✕✒✓✖✁☎✗▲✑✲✤✙✄✘✽✳✤✍✓✔✮●✘✌ ✑✲✭✝✤✙✤✙✽⑥✮⑥✎✙✦✥✭✳✜€✓✖✕❍✎r⑤ ✱❜✭✝✴ ✦✥✸✡✎ ✜❏❥❥✬❙❾ ✴✣✴✣✒✣ ❾✒❢✘❢ ✖✳✞◗❛✡✄✘✁ ✟✞ ✸ ✗ ✲✸ ✴ ✗ ✟✞ ✣✴✣✴✣ ✸ ✶✸ ✴ ✭✘✓☎✺✟✗ ✑✚ ✸ ➑✗ ❱❑✄❙✮ ❡☞❥✘❥✑€✸ ❾ ✡✞ ✝ ✝ ☛✞ ✞ ✝ ✝ ☞ ✚✍✌✧✞ ❼❖➒◗➁✧✇❁✈①❷✪✇ 0 .

S ✕✒✎✡✜❏✆➛✄✳✦✲✦✥✄❜s❖✑✥✤✡✽❑✦✲✜✧❱♦❱✻✭⑥✆➛✄✘✦✥✦✥✄❜s✰✓✩✜✧✭✘✓✒✑✥✦✲✴ ♥ ✞ ☛✶ ✡✪✡ ✩ ✧✾✠ ★ ✠ ✘❋✾ ✆✆☎ ✁ ★✰✦✵✺ ✁ ✙ ✭ ✪❋❊ ✱✍✦ ✙ ✭ ✯✰✶✕✏ ✌✞✛❀✎✒✛❃✓❉✌ ✧✖✠ ✵✠ ✍ ✴✩✬❅✛✑✣✏✯✖✱✍✢ ✥▲✶ ✙■★✟✯✧✯✖✱■✺ ✭ ③ ❁✞✩✱✑✔✕ ✥ ✾❙★✟✯✧✯ ✁ ✙ ✭ ✶✍★✰✪❃✥▲✶❋✾■❏ ✁ ✆✆☎ ✍ ✴✩✬✜✛✹✣✍✯✖✱✏✢ ✥▲✶❆✙✜★✟✯✧✯✖✱■✺ ✭ ③ ✙✦✓ ✡ ✆✞❇❃✶ ✎✒✶ ❯ ✥ ✾ ✣■✛✰✪❋❊ ✥▲✶ ✭ ✌❁❊ ★✟✬❅✺ ★✰✦✩✺ ✙ ✭ ✝ ❁✞✶✷✓✻✑✔☛ ✶ ✡☞✧✖✠ ✵✠ ✔ ✱✏✪ ✣■✱ ★✟✦ ✭ ✌✿✙■✛✰✢✝✴✩✯✖✱✍✪✫✱ ✴✵✬❅✛✹✣✍✯✖✱✍✢ ✘✵❊ ✱✍✦ ✪✧❊✒✱ ✾✏✛✟✯✧✯✖✛ ☛☎✥✧✦●✻ ❊✒✛✰✯✖✺✰✶ ✘❋✾ ✙ ✭ ✪✧❊✒✱✏✦✤✭ ✴ ✭ ✘❋✾ ✙ ✭ ✪✧❊✒✱✏✦✚★✟✯✧✯ ✭ ✌✿✙■✛✰✢✝✴✩✯✖✱✍✪ ✱ ✴✵✬❅✛✹✣✍✯✖✱✍✢✘✶ ✁ ✶✏★✟✪❁✥▲✶❋✾■❏ ✁ ✙ ✭ ✟ ✬❅✛❩✛ ✾ ❨❦✜✣✕ ✙ ✭✤❄✌ ✭✝✤✙✮♦✦✥✜€✕ ✁ ✬▲✜✰✭✝✤❑✭✝✁☎✬✡✑✲✕✒✁✪✭✝✁☎✴❘✗✡✁✒✄✳✬✡✦✥✜✣❱ ✑✥✤ ✭❑✞ ❯ ✓✼✑✥✤❑✗✙✭✝✁✒✕✒✑✔✺€✸✙✦✥✭✘✁ ✑✥✓ ❫ ✭ ✾❉✎✙✭✝✁✪✮❲❄✌ s✏✜❫✎✙✭❋✱✳✜ ✁ ✆✆☎ ✻✞✂★✩✎✡✜✧✤✫❨❦✜✧❱❑❱❑✭❑❃●✞①❊■✑✲❱❑✗✡✦✥✑✲✜☞✓ ✁ ✙ ❑✭ ✞ ❯ ✓ ✁ s✩✭✘✓ ✺✪✎✡✄❄✓✖✜✧✤r✭✘✁✒✬✡✑✲✕✒✁✪✭✝✁☎✑✥✦✲✴❑✆➛✁☎✄✘❱ ✭✤✙✌ s✏✜❏✎✙✭❋✱✳✜ ✭ ✴ ❑✭ ✞ ❣ ✄❜s ✦✲✜✣✕ ✙ ✭✤✡✌ ✭✝✤✙✮✻✦✥✜€✕ ✁ ✬✍✜❏✭✝✤ ❫ ✭ ✾❉✺✣✄✘❱❑✗✡✦✥✜€✕✒✜☛✗✡✁☎✄✘✬✡✦✥✜✣❱ s❖✑✲✕✒✎ ✁ ✙ ❑✭ ✞ ❯ ✺✧✺€✄✳✁☎✮❙✾ ✑✥✤✡✽❘✕✒✄❇✕✒✎✡✜ ✙❳ ✁☎✓✖✕✏✓✖✕☎✭✝✕✒✜✣❱❑✜✧✤✳✕❬✄✝✆ ✕✒✎✙✜✰✕✒✎✙✜✣✄✘✁☎✜✣❱ s✏✜✿✎✙✭❋✱✘✜ ✭ ✴ ✭✤❄✌ ✭✘✤✙✮❑✎✡✜✣✤✍✺€✜ ✙ ✭ ✝ ✂ ☛✞ ✁ ✂ ✂ ✁ ✂ ✁ ✡ ✂ ☛ ✠☛✡ ✂ ✒✓✡ ✂ ✁ ✁ ✁✞ ✡ ✡ ✁ ✂ ✡ ✂ ✂ ✡ ✂ ✁ ✡ ✒✓✡ ✁ ✡ ✂ ✠☛✡ ✂ ✂ ✂ ✁ ✂ ✁ ✁ ✂ ✁ ✁ ✂ ✂ ✁ ✑✥✤✛✺✣✄✘✤❄✕✒✁✪✭✘✮✡✑✥✺€✕✒✑✥✄✘✤✵✕☎✄❑✕✒✎✡✜■✭✳✓✒✓✒✸✡❱❑✗●✕☎✑✲✄✳✤❦✞ ✞ ✘★✩✎✡✖✜✻✩✧✡ s❬✜✣✆ ✑✥✽✘❇✢✶ ✎❄✕❘✧✖✄✝✠✢✟ ✆❬✖✕✒✠✎✡✜ ✗✖❡❩✸ ✾❶✕✒✎ ❯ ✤❙❱✻✸✡✽✘✭✘✽✳✤✢✜€✕❘✎✙✭✘✑✥✓ ✓✿✑✲✤❙✱✳✄✳✜✧✸✡✓✖✕✒✤✙✜✧✺✣✮ ✜✧✓✧✭✝✞✵✦✥✦❈❛✡✎✡✄✘✑✔✁■✓☛✓✒❱♦✑✥❱♦✄✳✤✡✗✙✜✣✦✲✑✔✴✛✺€✑✲✕✟✑✥✤✴✹✌❈❀✝s✏❥q✜✻✽✘✭✘✄✳✓☎✦✥✮✛✓✒✸✡✤❙❱❑✸✡✜⑥✽✳✽✘✕☎✜€✎✙✕✪✭❜✓✣✕ ✞ ✞ ✌✑ ✞ ❾ ✭ ✮ ❾ ✣✴✣✴✣ ❾ ✭✡✠ ✜ ✭ ★ ✚ ☞ ✔✌ ✘✭ ✁✒✜❬✤✙✭❜✕☎✸✡✁✪✭✝✦❄✤❄✸✙❱❇✬▲✜✣✁✪✓✣✞ ✎✡✜✣✤⑥✕✒✎✙✜❬❱✻✭✘✤♦✮●✑✥✜✧✓ ❜✎✡✑✔✓✶✦✥✭✳✓✟✕✶s❖✑✥✦✲✦✡✺✣✄✘✤❄✕☎✭✘✑✲✤✙✓ ✕✒✎✙✜✹✆➛✄✘✦✥✦✲✄❜s❖✑✥✤✡✽ ✺✣✄✘✤✙✮●✑✲✕✒✑✥✄✘✤✷♥✢❩❉✆❘✎✡✑✥✓q✁✒✑✔✺✪✎✡✜☞✓✻✺✣✭✝✤ ✬▲✜✢✓✒✗✡✦✲✑✲✕q✑✥✤❄✕✒✄ ✕✟s❬✄ ✗✙✭✝✁✒✕☎✓✻✄✘✆❘✜ ❄✸✙✭✝✦ s❬✜✣✑✥✽✘✎❄✕ ❜✕☎✎✡✜✣✤♦✜✧✭✳✺✪✎❇✄✘✆✙✎✡✑✔✓✼✮✡✭✝✸✡✽✳✎❄✕✒✜✣✁✪✓◗✓✖✎✡✄✳✸✡✦✔✮❇✄✳✬●✕☎✭✘✑✲✤⑥✄✘✤✡✜✩✄✝✆✙✕✒✎✡✜☞✓✖✜✩✗✙✭✘✁✖✕✪✓✣✞❈❩❉✆✍✑✥✤✙✓✟✕☎✜✧✭✳✮ ✕✒✎✙✜✣✁☎✜❘✑✥✓✩✤✡✄✵✓✒✸✙✺✪✎r✗✙✭✝✁✒✕✒✑✲✕✒✑✥✄✘✤ ❙✕✒✎✡✜✧✤✛✭✘✦✲✦➆✎✙✑✥✓❖✽✳✄✘✦✔✮✫✓✒✎✡✄✳✸✡✦✥✮✫✽✘✄♦✕☎✄⑥✕☎✎✡✜■✺✪✎❙✸✡✁✪✺✪✎❦✞ ★✩✎✡✜♦✽✘✜✧✤✡✜✣✁✪✭✝✦ ✳✸✙✜✧✓✖✕✒✑✥✄✘✤✹✕☎✎✡✜✣✁☎✜€✆➛✄✳✁✒✜⑥✑✥✓✧♥✰❩✟✓☛✑➀✕❏✗✍✄❄✓✒✓✒✑✥✬✡✦✲✜❇✕✒✄✛✮●✑✥✱❄✑✔✮●✜♦✭q✓✒✜€✕❏✄✝✆ ✂ ✤✙✭✝✕✒✸✡✁✪✭✝✦ ✤❙✸✡❱❇✬▲✜✣✁✪✓ ✎ ✭ ✞ ❾ ❾✳✭ ✠ ✖☛✑✥✤✻✕✟s❬✄❇✓✖✸✙✬✙✓✖✜✣✕☎✓❬✓✖✸✍✺✪✎✻✕✒✎✙✭✝✕♠✕☎✎✡✜☛✓✒✸✡❱✻✓♠✄❜✱✳✜✣✁✂✜☞✭✘✺✪✎✵✓✒✸✡✬✙✓✒✜€✕✩✭✝✁☎✜ ✜ ❄✸✙✭✘✆ ✦ ☛ ★✩✎✙✑✥✓♦✗✡✁☎✄✘✬✡✦✥✜✣❱ ✑✔✓✻✺✣✭✘✦✲✦✥✜✧✮ ✁ ✭✘✤✙✮ ✑✔✓ ✁ ❫✾❉✺✣✄✘❱❑✗✡✦✥✜€✕☎✜✘✞ ★✩✎✡✜ ✝ ✝ ✓✖✕✒✁✪✭✝✑✥✽✘✎❄✕✖✆➛✄✳✁✒s✩✭✝✁✪✮ ✕☎✁✒✑✔✭✝✦✲✾❁✭✝✤✙✮❙✾❉✜✣✁☎✁☎✄✘✁❑❱❑✜€✕✒✎✙✄❙✮ ✑✥✓✫✄✘✤✡✦✥✴◆✗✡✁☎✭✳✺❽✕☎✑✥✺✧✭✝✦❖✆➛✄✳✁✫✓✒❱❑✭✘✦✲✦ ✂ ✿✭✘✓q✑➀✕ ✁☎✜ ❄✸✡✑✥✁✒✜☞✓✂✕☎✜✧✓✖✕✒✑✥✤✡✽❇✄✘✆❈✭✝✦✥✦ ❃ ✠ ✗✍✄❄✓✒✓✒✑✥✬✡✑✲✦✥✑✲✕✒✑✥✜✧✓✏✑✲✤q✕✒✎✡✜❫s✏✄✳✁☎✓✖✕❬✺✧✭✘✓✒✜✘✞ ❣ ✄✘✕✒✜✰✕☎✎✙✭❜✕✩✑✲✆❈✓✖✄✳❱❑✜✣✄✘✤✙✜ ✽✘✑✥✱✘✜☞✓✩✴✘✄✳✸r✭❑✓✒✄✘✦✥✸●✕✒✑✥✄✘✤ ●✴✳✄✘✸✛✺✣✭✘✤✫✱✳✜✣✁☎✑➀✆➛✴✻✕☎✎✡✑✔✓✰✓✖✄✳✦✲✸✡✕✒✑✥✄✘✤r✱✘✜✣✁☎✴✻✜✧✭✳✓✖✑✥✦✥✴✘✞ ❃ ★✩✎✡✜❑✆➛✄✘✦✥✦✥✄❜s❖✑✲✤✡✽✹✗✙✁✒✄✳✬✡✦✲✜✧❱ ◗✺✧✭✝✦✥✦✲✜☞✌ ✮ ☞ ✁ ✝ ✝ ✁ ✁ ✚ ✝ ❈✑✔✓■✭✝✦✔✓✒✄ ✁ ❫✾❁✺€✄✘❱❑✗✡✦✥✜€✕☎✜✘✞⑥❍❫✑✥✱✘✜✧✤ ✭✘✤ ✸✡✤✍✮●✑✲✁☎✜✧✺€✕✒✜☞✮✢✽✘✁✪✭✝✗✙✎ s❖✑✲✕✒✎ ✂ ✤✡✄●✮●✜✧✓ ❦✮●✄❙✜✧✓☛✕☎✎✡✜✣✁☎✜⑥✜ ●✑✥✓✖✕■✭ ✺€✴●✺✣✦✲✑✔✺❇✗✍✭❜✕✒✎ ✄✝✆♠✦✥✜✣✤✙✽✝✕✒✎ ✂ ✕✒✎✡✁☎✄✘✸✙✽✘✎✹✕☎✎✡✜⑥✽✳✁☎✭✘✗✡✎✢s❖✎✡✑✔✺✪✎✢✕☎✁☎✭❋✱✳✜✣✁✪✓✖✜☞✓❖✜✧✭✳✺✪✎✢✤✡✄●✮●✜♦✑✲✤ ✕✒✎✡✜ ✽✘✁✪✭✝✗✙✎✫✜ ●✭✳✺❽✕☎✦✲✴✵✄✳✤✙✺€✜✍☛ ✺ ✭ ✔✌ ✔✓ ✔✓ ✗ ✑✸ ✭ ✓ ✣✴✣✴✣ ✌ ✭ ✌ ✍✎ ✔✓ ✽✌ ✖ ✄ ☛ ☛✒ ✭ ✖ ☛ ✣✒ ☛✩✖ ✔✁✌ ☛✩✄ ✁ ☛ ☎✌ ✌ ✍✎ ❼ ➓✩➁✣✇❁✉❄✈①➈❄❻ ➔❽→ ✯✰✶✕✏ ✌✞✛❀✎✒✛❃✓❉✌ ✧✖✠✢✟✡✟❉✠ ✘✵❊ ✱ ✙✦✓ ✡ ✆ ❇✢✶☛✡ ✶✷✌✏✎✒✩✫✑ ✥ ✴✩✬✜✛✹✣✍✯✖✱✏✢ ✛ ✾✝★❍✺✹✱■✙✏✥▲✶✭✥✮✛✟✦✘✴✵✬❅✛✹✣✍✯✖✱✍✢ ✬❅✱✏✶✭❂❄✯ ✪✮✶☎✾■✬❅✛✟✢ ✣✏❏ ✦✵✱❃✻❉★✰✪❃✥✧✦❉✻ ★✰✯✧✯ ★✰✦ ✶☞☛◗✱✍✬■✶ ✍ ✺✹✱■✙✍✥▲✶■✥✮✛✟✦❙✴✩✬❅✛✑✣✏✯ ✱✏✢ ✥▲✶ ✙■★✰✯✧✯ ✱✜✺ ✙✥✓✮③ ✭ ③ ✙✦✓ ✡ ✆ ❇✢✶ ✎✒✶ ❯✒✥ ✾ ✪❋❊ ✱☛✙■✛✰✢✝✴✩✯✖✱✍✢ ✱✏✦ ✪✫★✟✬✭❏✲✴✵✬❅✛✹✣ ✌ ✯✖✱✍✢ ✥▲✶ ✭ ✌✿✙■✛✟✢ ✴✵✯✖✱✏✪ ✱ ✘ ✖✧✩ ✡ ✆ ❇✢✶ ✧✖✠✢✟✫✧✾✠ ★✩✎✙✜❏✆➛✄✘✦✥✦✲✄❜s❖✑✥✤✡✽❑✗✡✁☎✄✘✬✡✦✥✜✣❱ ✑✔✓ ✙✦✓❥③ ✭❫✾❁✺€✄✳❱❑✗✡✦✲✜✣✕✒✜✳♥ ☛✍✌ ✆✞✗✘✎ ✔ ❯ ✤r✸✙✤✙✮●✑✥✁✒✜☞✺❽✕✒✜☞✮r✽✘✁✪✭✝✗✡✎✫s❖✑➀✕☎✎ ✂ ✤✡✄●✮●✜☞✓✣✞ ✒✿✗✘✎ ✆ ✗✘✎ ✔ ✆ ✜✧✓✞✝ ✍✌ ✑➀✆✼✕☎✎✡✜✣✁☎✜ ✺✑✛✔✱✏✶✘✦✵✛✰❖✪ ✜✏●✎ ✑✔✓✟✕❫✭✵✺€✴●✺€✦✥✑✔✺❘✗✙✭❜✕☎✎✢✄✝✆✼✦✥✜✣✤✡✽✘✕✒✎ ✂ s❖✎✡✑✔✺✪✎✛✕✒✁✪✭❜✺ ✾ ✱✘✜✧✁☎✓✒✜✧✓❬✜☞✭✘✺✪✎r✤✡✄●✮●✜❘✑✲✤r✕☎✎✡✜❘✽✘✁✪✭✝✗✡✎✫✜✏✡✎ ✭✘✺€✕✒✦✥✴✵✄✘✤✍✺€✜✘✞ ✆ ❣ ✄ ✝✒●✌ ✄✝✕☎✎✡✜✣✁☎s❖✑✥✓✒✜✘✞ ✂ ✂ ✂ ✂ ✂ ✡ ✁ ✁ ✡ ✁ ✞ ✁ ❛❝❜✄✂✆☎ r✧♥ ☛ ♦✕q ✛ ✩✫✪✜❁✘✛❃✌✘❄✘✠ ✹✌ ❁✘✩✻✪✒❁✞✛✢✌✞❄ ☞ ★✩✎✡✜❬✕☎✜✣✁☎❱ ✮●✜✣✤✡✄✘✕✒✜☞✓◗✮✙✭❜✕☎✭❏✓✖✕✒✄✳✁☎✭✘✽✘✜✏✭✘✤✙✮■✁☎✜€✕☎✁✒✑✥✜✣✱❜✭✘✦❄❱❑✜☞✺✪✎✙✭✝✤✡✑✔✓✒❱❑✓ s❖✎✡✑✔✺✪✎ ✺€✄✳❱♦✗✙✸●✕✒✜❑✕☎✎✡✜q✭✘✮✙✮●✁✒✜☞✓✒✓✒✜✧✓❏✄✘✆✩✕✒✎✡✜q✮✙✭❜✕☎✭✛✁☎✜✧✺✣✄✘✁✪✮✡✓☛✆➛✁✒✄✳❱➎✺✣✄✘✁☎✁✒✜☞✓✖✗▲✄✘✤✍✮●✑✲✤✙✽✫❚✳✜✣✴●✓✣✞ ❛✡✄✳✁✒❱✻✭✘✦✲✦✥✴ ✡✭♦✎✙✭✳✓✖✎✫✆➛✸✡✤✙✺€✕✒✑✥✄✘✤ ✝ ✏❳ ☎ ⑤ ♥✟✞ ✎✙✭✳✓❑✕✒✄ ✬▲✜✢✮●✜ ✙✤✙✜✧✮◆s❖✎✡✑✔✺✪✎◆❱✻✭✘✗✙✓♦✕✒✎✡✜✢✓✒✜€✕✵✄✘✆❫❚✳✜✣✴●✓✠✞ ✕☎✄ ✭ ✓✖✜✣✕✵✄✝✆❘✭✘✮✡✮●✁☎✜✧✓☎✓✒✜✧✓❇⑤■✞ ❯ ✮✡✭✝✕☎✭✛✁☎✜✧✺✣✄✘✁✪✮✢s❖✑✲✕✒✎ ✭✛❚✘✜✧✴ ✳✙ ✞ ✑✔✓❏✕☎✎✡✜✣✤ ✓✖✕✒✄✳✁✒✜☞✮ ✭✝✕❘✕✒✎✡✜q✭✳✮✡✮●✁☎✜✧✓☎✓ ✝ €✞✫❧♠✭✳✺✪✎ ✓✒✸✡✬✙✓✒✜ ❄✸✡✜✣✤❄✕✩✁✒✜✣✕✒✁☎✑✲✜✧✱❜✭✝✦✙✁☎✜ ❄✸✡✜☞✓✟✕✏✆➛✄✘✁✏✕✒✎✡✑✔✓✩✮✡✭❜✕✪✭■✁☎✜✧✺✣✄✘✁✪✮✻✺€✄✘✤✍✓✖✑✔✓✟✕✪✓✏✓✒✄✘✦✥✜✣✦✥✴❑✄✝✆✷✺✣✄✘❱❑✗✡✸●✕☎✑✲✤✡✽ ✕✒✎✙✜❘✎✙✭✘✓✒✎✛✱❋✭✘✦✲✸✙✜ ✝ ❖✭✝✤✍✮✫✓✒✜✧✭✘✁☎✺✪✎✡✑✥✤✡✽❑✭❜✕✩✕✒✎✙✑✥✓✰✭✳✮✡✮●✁☎✜✧✓☎✓✣✞ ❩❁✤⑥✕✒✎✡✜✩✮●✜✧✓✒✑✥✽✘✤❇✄✘✆✙✎✙✭✳✓✖✎❘✕☎✜✧✺✪✎✡✤✙✑ ❄✸✡✜☞✓✷✕✟s❬✄✿✑✥❱❑✗✍✄✳✁✖✕✪✭✝✤❄✕✼✭✘✓✒✗✍✜☞✺❽✕☎✓◗✎✙✭❋✱✳✜✂✕☎✄☛✬▲✜❬✺✣✄✘✤✙✓✒✑✔✮●✜✣✁☎✜✧✮➆♥ ✔✓ ✔✓ ✗ ✸ ✗ ✸ ✓ ✁ ✓❉❇❃❇✢✛❃✪✒✭✝✛❃✓❉✤✍✌✞✮q✪ ✑✔✔ ✮●✜✣❩❉✕☛✤❄✕☎✎✙✑✥✺✧✭✘✭✝✓✩✦❦✕☎✎✙✄✵✭✳✬▲✓✖✎r✜❇✱❜✮●✭✝✜€✦✥✕☎✸✡✜✣✜✁☎❱❑✑✲✗ ✤✡✜☞✸✲✮✛✴ ✎✡✄❜s➋✗ ✸❬✕✒✎✡✑✥✜❇✓✩✎✍✺✧✭✘✭✝✓✒✤✙✜❘✮●✦✥✄✝✜✧✆✶✮❦✕✟✞ s❬✄✻❚✘✜✣✴●✓ ✭✝✤✙✮ ✄ s❖✑➀✕☎✎ ✁✭✝✤✍❁✘✮✫✓✡✓✒✛✢✎✡✙✥✶✄✘✸✙✓✡✦✥✮r✸ ❁✘✮●✑✔✩✫✓✟✪✜✕☎✁✒❁ ✑✥✬✡✸✺✸●✗✘✕☎✌✞✜❏✙✚✕✒✎✜✎✡✛✢✜■✓✡✌ ✓✒✜€✔ ✕❖★✩✄✝✎✡✆◗✜☛❚✘✜✧ ✎✙✴❙✭✘✓ ✓✒✎❑✆➛✸✡✭✘✄✤✙✓❬✺€✜✣✕✒✱✳✑✥✄✘✜✣✤✤✛✭✝✤✙✓✖✮r✎✡✄✳✭✘✸✡✓✩✦✔✮❑✁✪✭✝✬✍✤✍✜☛✮●✄✘✜✧❱❑✭✘✓✒✦✥✴■✴✵✕☎✭✘✄❇✓✩✺€✗▲✄✳✄✳❱❑✓☎✗✡✓✖✑✥✸●✬✡✕✒✦✥✜✜ ✄✴ ✂ ✄ ✝ ✝ ✝ ✗➛✑✥✤✛✄✘✁✪✮●✜✣✁✩✕☎✄❑❚✘✜✣✜✧✗q✕☎✎✡✜❘✤❙✸✡❱❇✬▲✜✣✁✿✄✝✆◗✺✣✄✘✦✥✦✲✑✔✓✒✑✲✄✳✤✙✓❖✓✖❱✻✭✘✦✲✦✧✸❽✞ ✁ ✓❉❇❃❇✢✛❃✪✒✛❃✓❉✌ ❇❃✛✢✪✒✎✦✠ ❯ ✤ ✜✧✭✳✓✖✴✛s✩✭❋✴✫✕☎✄q✕☎✁✒✜☞✭❜✕❏✺€✄✘✦✥✦✥✑✥✓✒✑✲✄✳✤✙✌ ✓☛✕✒✑✥✎✡✓☛✜✹✕✒✄r✓✒✄✝✦✥✾❁✑✲✺✣✤✡✭✝❚✢✦✥✦✥✜✧✮✙✮ ✭❜✕☎✙✥✭✫✓❉✄✘❇❃❇✢✬ ✛✢❱✟✪✜✜✧✛✢✺❽✓✡✕✪✌✂✓❫s❖❇✢✛✢✑➀✪✒✕☎✎ ✎ ✞ ✑✔✮●✜✣✤❄✕✒✑✔✺✣✭✘✦❖✎✙✭✘✓✒✎ ✱❜✭✘✦✲✸✡✜☞✓♦✕✒✄✳✽✘✜€✕☎✎✡✜✣✁♦✑✥✤◆✭ ✦✥✑✲✤✡✜☞✭✝✁❑✦✥✑✥✓✖✕✔♠ ❲❙✜☞✭✝✁✪✺✪✎✡✑✲✤✙✽✛✆➛✄✘✁❇✭✢✮✙✭❜✕☎✭✛✁☎✜✧✺✣✄✘✁✪✮ s❖✑➀✕☎✎ ❚✘✜✣✴ ✕☎✎✡✜✣✤ ✁☎✜✔❄✓ ✸✡✑✥✁✒✜☞✓■✺€✄✳❱❑✗✡✸●✕✒✑✥✤✡✽ ✗ ✸✭✼✌ ✭✝✤✍✮ ✓✒✸✡✬✙✓✒✜✔❄✓ ✸✡✜✣✤❄✕☎✦✲✴ ✓✖✜☞✭✝✁✪✺✪✎✡✑✲✤✙✽r✓✒✜✔❄✓ ✸✡✜✧✤✳✕☎✑✥✭✘✦✲✦✥✴✹✆➛✄✳✁ ✑✲✤ ✕☎✎✡✜q✺€✄✳✦✲✦✥✑✔✓✖✑✥✄✘✤ ✦✲✑✔✓✖✕❇✺€✄✘✁☎✁☎✜✧✓✒✗✍✄✳✤✙✮●✑✥✤✡✽ ✕✒✄ ✗ ❽✸ ✞ ✘✭✻✖✓✖✕✒✧✩ ✁☎✡ ✑✲✤✡✽✆ ❇✢✶ ✴ ✧✖✠✢✟✱❆✖✣✒✠ ✣✴❨✷✣ ✜€✕✸ ✡✌ s❬✜❘✬✍✜✰✮●✜✏✕✒✎✡✍❳ ✜✰✤✡✜❏✓✒✜€✕✒✕✂✎✡✄✘✜■✆▲✺✣✭✝✄✘✦✥✁☎✦✙✁✒✓✖✜☞✕✒✓✖✁☎✗▲✑✲✤✙✄✘✽✳✤✍✓✔✮●✘✌ ✑✲✭✝✤✙✤✙✽⑥✮⑥✎✙✦✥✭✳✜€✓✖✕❍✎r⑤ ✱❜✭✝✴ ✦✥✸✡✎ ✜❏❥❥✬❙❾ ✴✣✴✣✒✣ ❾✒❢✘❢ ✖✳✞◗❛✡✄✘✁ ✟✞ ✸ ✗ ✲✸ ✴ ✗ ✟✞ ✣✴✣✴✣ ✸ ✶✸ ✴ ✭✘✓☎✺✟✗ ✑✚ ✸ ➑✗ ❱❑✄❙✮ ❡☞❥✘❥✑€✸ ❾ ✡✞ ✝ ✝ ☛✞ ✞ ✝ ✝ ☞ ✚✍✌✧✞ ❼❖➒◗➁✧✇❁✈①❷✪✇ 0 .

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