By Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy, Irene S. Lemos
This e-book is the main basic reinterpretation of old Greek heritage, tradition, and society in thirty years. The authors refute the normal view of the Greek darkish Age with facts of a gradual development from Mycenaean kingship to the perception of aristocratic the Aristocracy within the Archaic period.
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Extra resources for Ancient Greece: From the Mycenaean Palaces to the Age of Homer
See Hansen 2000: 17–19, 141–87, 599–602). What follows at probably all the palace sites are architectural phases that correspond largely to the familiar plan of the palace (Nelson 2001: 201). In the planning of architecture the concept of centripetal organisation is consciously applied, whereby the approach to the central ‘megaron’ is organised by processing inwards through a series concentric rings pierced by gates that open onto courts (Cavanagh 2001). This is best illustrated in the organisation of the final stage at Tiryns.
Although we may think this plan foreshadows the organising principle behind the plan of the citadels with their palaces (Wright 1994: 49–60; see now Cavanagh 2001), there is no justiﬁcation in seeing in this the germ of the citadel and palace plan. Rather I argue that we are looking at the material remnant of a particular social behaviour that is tied to the emergence of a form of leadership that grows out of communities where lineages predominate. At Malthi we may have the instance of a village where one lineage group was ascendant and where its headman and his family lived in the main house, which was also a place of socio-political gathering.
1a Plan of the LH I houses at Tsoungiza, EU 7, drawing by the author. 1b Plan of Malthi, level III, adapted from Valmin 1938, pl. 3. 3 This disposition in Messenia towards centralised defensible and planned settlement that incorporates monumentalised burials signiﬁes that ascendant lineages were consolidating their dominance at strategic locations. (Malthi is an exception with the tholos tomb placed on a hillock some half kilometer from the settlement: Valmin 1938: 206–25). The defensive nature of these indicates conﬂict among communities as they contested, probably, for territorial power.