By Matthew Dillon, Lynda Garland
During this revised version, Matthew Dillon and Lynda Garland have extended the chronological diversity of old Greece to incorporate the Greek global of the fourth century. The sourcebook now levels from the 1st traces of Greek literature to the dying of Alexander the good, masking all the major old classes and social phenomena of historical Greece. the fabric is taken from numerous assets: historians, inscriptions, graffiti, legislation codes, epitaphs, decrees, drama and poetry. It comprises the main literary authors, but in addition covers a big variety of writers, together with many non-Athenian authors. while targeting the most towns of historical Greece - Athens and Sparta- the sourcebook additionally attracts on quite a lot of fabric in regards to the Greeks in Egypt, Italy, Sicily, Asia Minor and the Black Sea. historical Greece covers not just the chronological, political historical past of old Greece, but additionally explores the complete spectrum of Greek existence via subject matters corresponding to gender, social classification, race and labour. This revised version contains: thoroughly new chapters - "The upward thrust of Macedon" and "Alexander ?the Great?, 336-323" BC New fabric within the chapters at the City-State, faith within the Greek international, Tyrants and Tyranny, The Peloponnesian warfare and its Aftermath, Labour: Slaves, Serfs and electorate, and girls, Sexuality and the relatives it truly is based in order that: Thematically prepared chapters prepared let scholars to accumulate progressively wisdom of the traditional Greek international Introductory essays to every bankruptcy provide worthy history to appreciate subject components Linking commentaries support scholars comprehend the resource extracts and what they demonstrate concerning the historic Greeks historical Greece: Social and old records from Archaic instances to the demise of Alexander the nice. 3rd variation, will remain a definitive selection of resource fabric at the society and tradition of the Greeks.
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Extra info for Ancient Greece: Social and Historical Documents from Archaic Times to the Death of Alexander (Routledge Sourcebooks for the Ancient World)
20 Ivory was bought: 2 talents, 743 drachmas. 13 Inscriptiones Graecae I3 449: Building Accounts of the Parthenon, 434/3 bc This is the best preserved of the Parthenon building accounts, of which the fifteen years 447/6 to 433/2 BC are recorded on the four sides of a marble stele on the acropolis. The accounts start with the balance from the previous year and the year’s income of the board of annual commissioners, the main grant coming from Athena’s treasurers (here less than normal at four talents as the project was nearing completion).
First of all make a rough calculation, not with counters but on your fingers, Of the tribute which comes to us from all the cities together, Then apart from this the taxes, besides, and the many oneper-cents, Court deposits, mines, market-taxes, harbour dues, rents for public land, confiscations; From these we get a total of nearly 2,000 talents. Now take away from this a year’s pay for the jurors, 6,000 of them — ‘for no more than these yet dwell in our land’ — And we get some 150 talents. So the pay we’ve been getting is not even a tenth of the revenue!
2: A Comparison of Athens and Sparta Sparta was made up of separate, geographically unconnected villages, and had not undergone a synoikismos into one community, unlike Athens (see doc. 35). 2 If the Spartans’ city were to become deserted, and only the temples and foundations of buildings were left, I think that the people of that time far in the future would find it difficult to believe that the Spartans’ power had been as great as their fame implied (and yet they inhabit two-fifths of the Peloponnese, and are in command of all of it as well as of many allies outside it; nevertheless, it has not been synoikised into a city, nor does it possess costly temples and buildings, but consists of a number of villages in the early Greek manner, and would seem an inferior place), whereas if the same thing were to happen to Athens, from its visible remains one would assume that the city had been twice as powerful as it actually is.