Download Animal Biotechnology: Identifying Science-Based Concerns by Committee on Defining Science-Based Concerns Associated with PDF

By Committee on Defining Science-Based Concerns Associated with Products of Animal Biotechnology

This e-book identifies science-based and policy-related issues approximately animal biotechnology that needs to be resolved ahead of breakthroughs in genetic-based animal biotechnology can succeed in their power. After a brief historical past of the sector and definitions of phrases, the booklet describes what's identified and what's feared approximately rising applied sciences and questions with regards to the inadvertent free up of risky microorganisms, the security of goods derived from biotechnology, and the influence of genetically engineered animals on their atmosphere. there's additionally dialogue of animal welfare matters and society's skill to control and deal with expertise.

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However, the largest investments in the technology to date have been made by pharmaceutical companies interested in producing enzymes, clotting factors, and other bioactive proteins in milk. Companies also are interested in farm animals as possible sources of replacement organs for humans. Transplantation is an accepted and successful treatment for organ failure, but there is an enormous shortage of available human organs. As there are ethical and practical concerns related to the use of donor organs from primates, the pig, in particular, is being considered as an alternative.

New technologies, such as biotechnology, often are characterized by a variety of uncertainties resulting in unexpected outcomes. Uncertainties can be placed in three categories—statistical, model, and fundamental. These categories of uncertainty generally correspond to technical, methodologic, and epistemologic considerations respectively, which also can be described as inexactness, unreliability, and insufficient knowledge. Regardless of the category, uncertainty also relates to the difficulty of placing potential impacts into the policy context within which proposed biotechnologies will be addressed.

Edu) for research purposes are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Distribution, posting, or copying is strictly prohibited without written permission of the NAP. html 28 ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY: SCIENCE-BASED CONCERNS Bovine Somatotropin The use of bovine somatotropin (BST) to increase milk yield from dairy cows has had a similar checkered history and is the subject of trade disputes. S. dairy cattle in 1993 because testing had revealed no concerns regarding consumer safety (Juskevich and Guyer, 1990; Bauman, 1999).

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