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By Richard A. Billows

Known as via Plutarch ''the oldest and maximum of Alexander's successors,'' Antigonos the One-Eyed (382-301 BC) was once the dominant determine in the course of the first half the Diadoch interval, ruling many of the Asian territory conquered by way of the Macedonians in the course of his ultimate 20 years. Billows presents the 1st specified learn of this nice common and administrator, setting up him as a key contributor to the Hellenistic monarchy and country. After a profitable occupation below Philip and Alexander, Antigonos rose to strength over the Asian part of Alexander's conquests. Embittered via the power hostility of these who managed the ecu and Egyptian components of the empire, he attempted to get rid of those competitors, an ambition which resulted in his ultimate defeat in 301. In a corrective to the normal reasons of his goals, Billows indicates that Antigonos used to be scarcely prompted through Alexander, looking to rule West Asia and the Aegean, instead of the total of Alexander's Empire.

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14] Antigonos, finding Eumenes gone when he reached Syria, presumably took some time to secure control of Kilikia and northern Syria and then followed after Eumenes. He marched into Mesopotamia, and there went into winter quarters with his army (Diod. XIX 15,6, and cf. 13,5). In Europe, Polyperchon had made the mistake in 317 of leaving King Philippos and his wife Eurydike unsupervised in Macedon. Eurydike, resentful of her subordination and of Polyperchon's repeated overtures to Olympias and scornful of Polyperchon's abilities after his repeated setbacks, decided to take control of affairs in her husband's name (Diod.

The failure of his talks with Alketas and the approach of Antigonos evidently caused Eumenes to withdraw to Kappadokia with his army for the winter; Antigonos was thus able to push forward with his army into a position between Alketas and Eumenes, where he wintered in southeastern Phrygia. He was thus running the risk of being taken between two fires, but buying by this risk an opportunity to defeat his two enemies one by one in the spring. Curiously, both Antigonos and Eumenes suffered defections during the winter of 320/19.

XVIII 72, 2–3). It seems that Antigonos had spent the autumn and winter of 318 in western Asia Minor, consolidating his position and gathering a fleet. [11] He placed the entire fleet under the command of Nikanor, while he himself marched to the Hellespont with an army. Kleitos was in the Propontis with a fleet probably slightly larger than that of Nikanor. [12] Antigonos, far from being dismayed at this loss, laid plans to restore the situation that very night. He ordered the remaining 60 ships of the fleet to be readied for renewed action, and assigned to them as marines many of his strongest soldiers to make sure that the ships would fight.

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