By Kristen Figg
Profiling milestones and activities within the arts, literature, track and faith from a selected interval, every one quantity during this set is helping scholars and researchers comprehend a few of the disciplines of the arts when it comes to one another, in addition to to background and tradition. an summary of the interval and a chronology of significant international occasions start every one quantity. 9 chapters stick to overlaying the most important branches of the arts: structure and layout, dance, model, literature, song, philosophy, faith, theater and visible arts. Chapters commence with a chronology of significant occasions in the self-discipline by way of articles overlaying the events, faculties of notion and masterworks that signify the self-discipline throughout the period and biographical profiles of pioneers, masters and different well known figures within the box. Chapters additionally comprise major fundamental files from the interval, together with quotations, excerpts from artists approximately their paintings and/or commentaries/criticism released through the interval, and an inventory of basic references for additional details.
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Additional info for Arts and Humanities through the Eras: Medieval Europe (814-1450)
IMPOSING VERTICALITY IN NORMAN FRENCH ARCHITECTURE. In a treaty of 911, the Carolingian king Charles the Simple granted the area around Rouen in northwestern France to the Vikings, creating what was to become the duchy of Normandy. Converted to Christianity and expanding their territories, the Normans soon turned to the task of building architecture worthy of a powerful state. The cathedrals and monasteries they erected during the eleventh century reveal a farflung array of sources drawn from southwestern France, Burgundy, and the Holy Roman Empire in Germany.
The tops of columns were often decorated with sculpture. Altar: The elevated place in a church where rites are performed. Ambulatory: The passageway around the end of the choir. Arcade: A series of arches supported by piers or columns. Corbel: A short horizontal bracket of stone or timber projecting from a wall and supporting an architectural element. Apse: A vaulted semicircular or polygonal recess in the church at the end of the choir. Crenellation: A battlement (protective wall) with tapered embrasures or squared openings.
Rubble: A wall made of different sizes and types of uncut stone. Screen: A wooden or iron structure separating the nave from the choir of a church, sometimes called “rood screen” if it had a large crucifix ornamenting its top. Motte: A fortification consisting of a timber tower set atop a conical earth mound. The motte often was surrounded by a ditch and wooden palisade. Transept: The transverse part of the rectangular body of the church, usually crossing the nave. Narthex: An enclosed passage between the main entrance and the nave of a church.