By Haim Beinart
Atlases facing the historical past of the Jews have all started showing in English just recently. it really is consequently a superb contribution to the sector to have this translation of a quantity first released in Israel, the place students have lengthy discovered the significance of such works for either scholars and researchers. The meticulous study of Beinart (Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem), one of many best students of medieval Jewish historical past, is obvious on each web page. He has divided the publication into 3 significant sections: an preliminary element extending from the barbarian invasion of Europe to the Crusades; a moment dedicated to the interval finishing with the expulsion from Spain; and a last phase overlaying advancements in the course of the Chmielnicki massacres and Sabbatean stream. each pupil of the interval will treasure the 116 maps and illustrations, demographic facts, and art. the amount additionally encompasses a necessary bibliography and map, topic, and folks indexes. This much-needed examine and academic software makes a very good spouse to Evyatar Friesel's Atlas of recent Jewish historical past ( LJ 1/1/91); it covers extensive fabric touched on in Martin Gilbert's The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization (one of LJ 's "Best Reference Books," 4/15/91). hugely suggested to libraries and the final audience.
- Jehuda Reinharz, Brandeis Univ., Waltham, Mass.
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Extra resources for Atlas of Medieval Jewish History
The crusade ended dreadfully, as unscrupulous merchants sold the children as slaves in Egypt. The Fifth Crusade (April 1217-July 1221), the goal of which was to free the Christians in Muslim captivity, was also unsuccessful. Frederick n (1198-1250) and John of England (1199-1216) were both supposed to participate in the Sixth Crusade but only Frederick arrived in the Holy Land some years later (1228) and stayed in Jerusalem. In 1248 Louis IX (St. Louis, king of France 1226-1270) led the Seventh and last crusade which was also unsuccessful.
Meanwhile, mixed bands of new crusaders composed of English, Flemings and Lotharingians gathered at Cologne, intending to attack the Jews. The archbishop of the city together with some of its citizens attempted to hide the Jews in the fortress and afterwards to disperse them in the surrounding villages. The brigands contented themselves with plundering Jewish property. For about three weeks the Jewish refugees from Cologne succeeded in finding shelter in their hiding places. However, on 23 June they were discovered in Wevelinghoven, on 24 June in Neuss, and on 30 June in M6rs.
He appeared before a large assembly of French nobles including King Louis VII at Vezelay on 31 March 1146. His rhetoric electrified the assembly, who soon pledged to take up the cross. Uns and in 1147 persuaded the German king Conrad m(ll38-1152) to take up the cross. During this period a fanatical Cistercian monk called. Rudolf was stirring the masses of the Rhineland to massacre Jews. Once again the Jewish communities faced a repetition of the massacres of 1096. This time, however, the ecclesiastical and political heads of state intervened, fearing that unbridled mob violence might tum against them.