By Hugh Jack
A close exam of producing regulate structures utilizing dependent layout tools. issues contain ladder common sense and different IEC 61131 criteria, wiring, conversation, analog IO, based programming, and communications. Allen Bradley PLCs are used commonly throughout the booklet, however the formal layout tools are appropriate to such a lot different PLC manufacturers. an entire model of the ebook and different fabrics can be found online at http://engineeronadisk.com
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Extra info for Automating manufacturing systems with PLCs
As a result most controls applications (and PLCs) use logical inputs and outputs for most applications. Hence, we will discuss logical I/O and leave continuous I/O for later. Outputs to actuators allow a PLC to cause something to happen in a process. A short list of popular actuators is given below in order of relative popularity. Solenoid Valves - logical outputs that can switch a hydraulic or pneumatic flow. Lights - logical outputs that can often be powered directly from PLC output boards. Motor Starters - motors often draw a large amount of current when started, so they require motor starters, which are basically large relays.
CPU (Central Processing Unit) - This is a computer where ladder logic is stored and processed. I/O (Input/Output) - A number of input/output terminals must be provided so that the PLC can monitor the process and initiate actions. Indicator lights - These indicate the status of the PLC including power on, program running, and a fault. These are essential when diagnosing problems. The configuration of the PLC refers to the packaging of the components. 1. Rack - A rack is often large (up to 18” by 30” by 10”) and can hold multiple cards.
When the switches are open there is no voltage passed to the input card. If either of the switches are closed power will be supplied to the input card. In this case inputs 1 and 3 are used - notice that the inputs start at 0. The input card compares these voltages to the common. If the input voltage is within a given tolerance range the inputs will switch on. Ladder logic is shown in the figure for the inputs. Here it uses Allen Bradley notation for PLC-5 racks. At the top is the location of the input card I:013 which indicates that the card is an Input card in rack 01 in slot 3.