By W. D. Taylour, Richard Janko
Lord William Taylours excavations at Ayios Stephanos in 1959-77 investigated a port that trusted alternate, fishing and metallurgy. It lay simply north of the most Minoan east-west alternate course through Kythera and exported the infrequent stone lapis lacedaemonius to Cretan workshops. As a Linear A inscription indicates, the location illuminates the diffusion of Minoan tradition to the mainland. Ayios Stephanos yielded a stratified pottery series from EH I to LH IIIC, with a holiday on the finish of the Early Bronze Age. learn of this series has tremendously superior our wisdom of the chronology, clarifying Cretan family members with the mainland. there have been 3 levels of EH. After disastrous fires, oblong constructions changed the MH I apsidal dwellings, and the road plan got here to resemble Minoan prototypes. The pottery illuminates the discovery of Mycenaen ceramics. in accordance with the fortunes of Crete, the positioning declined in LH IIA, traded with Knossos in LH IIIA1, and declined back. It in short revived in LH IIIC Early, most likely following an inflow of refugees. Then it used to be deserted, probably after a bloodbath. Ayios Stephanos used to be reoccupied in c. 1270 advert, whilst a development with a walled backyard and stables was once erected to protect the method of Skala alongside the River Vasilopotamos. This part fills a niche in our wisdom, given that no website of this era has been excavated south of Corinth. After 1321 a adverse raid plunged the location into oblivion. This ebook stories the structure and stratigraphy, the burials, the Medieval interval, the pottery and small unearths, the human and different natural is still, the cost trend and the neighborhood and old context. various figures and plates rfile the implications. Appendices containing techinical analyses, stratigraphic tables and concordances are on an accompanying CD.
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Additional resources for Ayios Stephanos. Excavations at a Bronze Age and Medieval Settlement in Southern Laconia
Thislimitedspaceyieldedno fewerthantwenty different and it has not walls, always beeneasyto establish to whichperiodeach ofthesebelongs. 4Byfarthegreatest numberofsherdswas MH I, and as three of that date were found at a level andjustbelowtheMedievalstrata, the completepots fairly high of the walls must be attributed to that or earlier. In an effort to establish a majority period relationship betweenthevariouswallsand theirdates,theyhave been plottedin fig. 10, accordingto levels takenon theirpreservedheightsand at theirbases whenthiswas recorded,fig.
4 m belowgroundsurface. The firstc. 80 cm of a fillfroma nearbydestruction, datedto the second diggingin thislimitedspace passed through phaseofMH I. [Froma depthof c. 07 m BM, levelwiththetopofwallio, theburntlayerfilled thewholesector,slopingdowntowardsthe s. This thickstratum of fineyellowearthwithmuch carbonand ash comprised threedistinct whichareprovedto havebeen contemporaneous sub-strata, h See Chapter 2 §2 below. 7 See §2 (v) below. 28 W. D. TAYLOURt AND R. C. 1. 10-1. 60 cmwheremeasurable.
A number LH isStructure under IIIC levels. [Bothbuildings, allbelongedtoanother Structure building, the last the three dated C. Thesewerevases 1122-1123,1136 and disturbed where were 1140. 11). and on bothsidesof,wallih. Theycomprisea pinch-pot, Zeta IL Verymanyof the level of Structure is clearlyfromthedestruction This depositof pottery The this destruction. sherdshad beenburntafterfiring, depositprovesthatwalls during presumably this I. It was ata depthsome60 cmlowerthanthatfoundbywallih. Thisseconddepositwas constituted byvases plate in and in situ fig.