By Dr. Pratima Bajpai, Dr. Pramod K. Bajpai, Prof. Dr. Ryuichiro Kondo (auth.)
Pulp and paper creation has elevated globally and should proceed to extend within the close to destiny. nearly a hundred and fifty five million hundreds wooden pulp is produced all over the world and approximately 260 million is projected for the 12 months 2010. as a way to do something about expanding call for, a rise in productiveness and stronger environmental functionality is required because the can also be less than consistent strain to minimize and regulate environmental emissions to air and water. The authors supply up-to-date details on quite a few biotechnological techniques necessary within the pulp and paper which can assist in lowering the environmental toxins challenge, as well as different advantages. numerous chapters take care of the newest advancements in such components as uncooked fabric instruction, pulping, bleaching, water administration, waste remedy and usage. The booklet additionally covers the environmental rules in numerous elements of the realm in addition to the function of biotechnology in decreasing environmental problems.
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Extra resources for Biotechnology for Environmental Protection in the Pulp and Paper Industry
Proc Tappi Pulp Conf 1992; 1243-1252. 26. Lim CS, Cho NS: Studies on the biological degradation of oak wood by white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. J Tappi Korea 1992; 22: 32-44. 27. Fischer K, Akhtar M, Blanchette RA, Burnes TA, Messner K, Kirk TK: Reduction of resin content in wood chips during experimental biological pulping process. Holzforschung 1994; 48: 285-290. 28. Akhtar M, Blanchette RA, Myers G, Kirk TK: An Overview ofbiomechanical pulping research. In: Environmentally friendly technologies for the pulp and paper industry.
It has a good chance of success due to the following four developments: (1) the discovery of a white rot fungus, C. subvermispora, which is effective on both hardwood and softwood species, (2) the finding that brief atmospheric steaming can decontaminate the surface of wood chips so that the fungus can take over, (3) the use of unsterilized corn steep liquor to dramatically reduce the inoculum required (from 3kg to less than Ig fungus/ton of wood (dry basis), and (4) the demonstration of a successful40-ton outdoor chip pile where the fungal pretreatment saved 32% electrical energy.
Sykes M: Environmental compatibility of effluents of aspen biomechanical pulps. Tappi J 1994; 77(1): 160-166. 63. Fischer K, Akhtar M, Blanchette RA et al: Reduction of resin content in wood chips during experimental biological pulping processes. Holzforschung 1994; 48: 285-290. 64. Springer AM: Industrial environmental control. Pulp and Paper Industry. New York: WileyInterscience, 1986. 65. Jakko Poyry Inc. Multiclient report. Lindingo, Sweden: 2 1985. 66. Eaton DC, Chang H-m, Joyce TW et al: Method obtains fungal reduction of the color of extraction stage kraft bleach effluent.