By Karl Simpson (auth.), Bernardo Sorj, Mark Cantley, Karl Simpson (eds.)
The accession of Spain and Portugal to club of the eu group in January 1985 not just introduced new energy to the ecu initiative, yet served as a robust reminder of the wider dimensions of the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking worlds. A reinforcement of Europe's usual and historic interna tionalism of outlook used to be relatively correct within the context of biotechnology; for the subtle multi-disciplinary clinical base, and the different large program parts, strength on biotechnol ogy an internationalism either for entry to medical strength, and for entry to world wide markets. Such used to be the explanation for 'SOBELA': a 'Seminar on Biotechnol ogy in Europe and Latin America', which in April 1987 introduced a few 50 Latin American marketers, policy-makers and educational leaders to Europe and to Brussels. on the Commission's Borschette convention Centre, they heard shows from 11 of the neighborhood Member States, each one emphasising its strengths in bio expertise and its curiosity in selling commercial collaboration with organisations in Latin the US. The seminar was once opened through speeches from Vice-President Karl Heinz Narjes on behalf of the fee, and by way of His Excellency Luis Ramiro Alfonsin of Argentina, senior Latin American diplomat in Brussels. within the final consultation, Directors-General Paolo Fasella (Science, learn and improvement, DG XII) and Jean Durieux (External kin, DG I) welcomed Their Excellencies the ambas sadors from Argentina, Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay and Colombia.
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Extra resources for Biotechnology in Europe and Latin America: Prospects for Co-operation
The Role of the State Belgium has a highly developed university system and a distinguished record of achievement in the life sciences. In 1984 the state made available funds of US$125 million for life science research of which US$50 million was designated for biology and biotechnology. Funds are administered by a number of bodies: - The Ministry of Education which funds the day to day running of the universities. - The Belgian Science Policy Office which carries out three different initiatives 23 B.
The whole spectrum of biotechnological applications is covered, but there is an emphasis on food and agricultural activities (2/3 of Belgian agro-food companies are in Flanders). 27 Table 1. Companies in Flanders involved in applications of biotechnology. Flanders Food industry Diagnostics and therapeutics Agriculture and horticulture Environment Chemistry Aquaculture Engineering Total 19 Belgium 7 13 10 26 31 21 18 2 10 I 9 2 12 60 120 Agro-food applications include refinements of traditional fermentations of milk products, beer, bread, meat products and sugar.
Many of these 'bottlenecks' require commitment of 50 new manpower resources, available only if education at high school and university level is appropriately orientated. Already mentioned are: - Genetic manipulation Bioprocessing Enzymology Interdisciplinary measures At the forefront of much of this work will be the university sector and government research centres, most notably, GBF, Gesselschaft fiir Biotechnologische Forschung, in Braunschweig and the Kernforschungsanlage, KFA, Julich. These two centres backed by both federal and regional funds have become showpiece institutes.