By Gordon Hogenson
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Extra info for C++/CLI Primer : the visual C++ language of .NET
Cpp and it would be a valid C++/CLI program. That’s because C++/CLI is a superset of C++, so any C++ class or program is a C++/CLI class or program. In C++/CLI, the type in Listing 2-1 (or any type that could have been written in classic C++) is a native type. ), whereas the native classes just use class in the declaration. Reference classes are often informally referred to as ref classes or ref types. What happens if we just change class Atom to ref class Atom to see whether that makes it a valid reference type?
They can have special member functions such as default constructors, destructors, copy constructors, and the copy assignment operator (although neither type can have overloaded operators new and delete). The actual objects live on the managed heap. fm Page 5 Friday, October 13, 2006 2:11 PM CHAPTER 1 ■ INTRODUCING C++/CLI handle itself is just an address that refers to the object’s header (which is 8 bytes in size for the 32-bit CLR) on the heap. Figure 1-1 shows the memory layout of a typical value type and a reference type.
Aggregate Types Aggregate types in C++ include structures, unions, classes, and so on. C++/CLI provides managed aggregate types. The CTS supports several kinds of aggregate types: • ref class and ref struct, a reference type representing an object • value class and value struct, usually a small object representing a value • enum class • interface class, an interface only, with no implementation, inherited by classes and other interfaces • Managed arrays • Parameterized types, which are types that contain at least one unspecified type that may be substituted by a real type when the parameterized type is used Let’s explore these concepts together by developing some code to make a simple model of atoms and radioactive decay.