Download Canada and the OAS: From Dilettante to Full Partner by Peter McKenna PDF

By Peter McKenna

This ebook strains the constructing dating among Canada and the oas (Organization of yankee States) and the pau (Pan American Union) earlier than Canada's accession to complete club within the former association in 1989.

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Additional info for Canada and the OAS: From Dilettante to Full Partner

Sample text

But since Chapter VIII is not mentioned in the legal text, Article 51 represents the judicial basis of the treaty. This is significant because it enables members of the inter-American system42 to take action without first having to seek prior Security Council authorization. The notion of taking action—and what precisely those actions would entail—is delineated more succinctly in Articles 6 and 8 of the treaty. 43 Article 8, for its part, details the following menu of available measures: recall of chiefs of diplomatic missions; breaking of diplomatic relations; breaking of consular relations; partial or complete interruption of economic relations or of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, telephonic, and radio telephonic or radio telegraphic communications; and use of armed force.

In the immediate postwar period, the political leadership in Latin America was concerned about developments in the sensitive security/strategic realm. , German U-boats). 34 22 CANADA AND THE OAS Put simply, security considerations—both internal and external— were beginning to make their way to the top of the Latin American policy agenda. But economic and social questions were still foremost in the minds of Latin American leaders. They were very much concerned about the socio-economic hardship and disruption that a transition from wartime to peace would bring.

46 There was also a deep-rooted feeling that the inter-American security system should be distinct from the UN, thus effectively avoiding the pitfalls of the world body. -led West against the Soviet-led East. More important, though, the treaty provided a critical hedge against any threats—intra- or extrahemispheric in nature—to the sovereignty of Latin American states. Since any threat, whether from the Soviet Union or an expansionist-minded Latin American state, would immediately activate the collective security measures and procedures of the pact, cherished Latin American sovereignty would be protected.

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