Download Cataclysms: A History of the Twentieth Century from Europe's by Dan Diner PDF

By Dan Diner

Cataclysms is a profoundly unique examine the final century. coming near near twentieth-century background from the outer edge instead of the facilities of decision-making, the digital narrator sits perched at the mythical stairs of Odessa and watches as occasions among the Baltic and the Aegean move in assessment, unfolding in house and time among 1917 and 1989, whereas evoking the 19th century as an interpretative backdrop.      stimulated by way of continental old, criminal, and social idea, Dan Diner perspectives the totality of global heritage evolving from an japanese and Southeastern eu attitude. a piece of serious synthesis, Cataclysms chronicles 20th century background as a “universal civil struggle” among a succession of conflicting dualisms comparable to freedom and equality, race and sophistication, capitalism and communism, liberalism and fascism, East and West.     Diner’s interpretation rotates round cataclysmic occasions within the transformation from multinational empires into kingdom states, observed by means of social revolution and “ethnic cleansing,” situating the Holocaust on the center of the century’s hindrance. in contrast to different Eurocentric interpretations of the final century, Diner additionally highlights the rising pivotal significance of the U.S. and the influence of decolonization at the strategy of eu integration.

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Extra info for Cataclysms: A History of the Twentieth Century from Europe's Edge (George L. Mosse Series)

Sample text

A t the beginning of their alliance, Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany were brought together to a large extent by their respective interests in foreign policy rather than by their common ideology. This accord culminated in the Spanish Civil War.

At the same time, military technology was being revolutionized; armies and fleets had been expanded enormously. The political and logistical mechanics of mobilization were now extremely sophisticated, intermeshing with intangibles linked to the Continent’s network of alliances. Two Varieties of Universal Civil War • 23 Everything seemed to have changed deeply, with a single exception: Austro-Hungary continued to wrestle with its nationalities problem and constantly threatened to come into conflict with Russia in the Balkans.

115 During World War II, the weapons turned to by the AngloSaxon powers for use against Germany and Japan manifestly reflected the same strategy. The reduction to ash of German cities from the air and the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki reflected a policy of using unlimited air space to crush the adversary,116 very much the policy of insular sea powers 40 •   operating from a great distance. The atomic bomb averted a lengthy land war, much feared by maritime powers.

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