Download A History of Business in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550 by Edwin S. Hunt, James Murray PDF

By Edwin S. Hunt, James Murray

A historical past of industrial in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550, demolishes the commonly held view that the word "medieval business" is an oxymoron. The authors evaluate the complete variety of industrial in medieval western Europe, probing its Roman and Christian history to find the commercial and political forces that formed the association of agriculture, production, development, mining, transportation, and advertising. Then they care for the responses of businessmen to the devastating plagues, famines, and battle that beset Europe within the past due center a while. Medieval businessmen's amazing luck in dealing with this antagonistic new setting ready the way in which for the industrial enlargement of the 16th century.

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Download Rhetorics of Bodily Disease and Health in Medieval and Early by Jennifer C. Vaught PDF

By Jennifer C. Vaught

Susan Sontag in "Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and Its Metaphors" issues to the very important connection among metaphors and physically health problems, and notwithstanding her analyses bargains typically with sleek literary works. This choice of essays examines the colossal quantity to which rhetorical figures concerning disorder and overall healthiness - metaphor, simile, pun, analogy, image, personification, allegory, oxymoron, and metonymy - tell medieval and early glossy literature, faith, technology, and medication in England and its surrounding eu context. based on the severe development over the last decade to foreground the problem of the physique and the sentiments, those essays tune the improvement of sustained, nuanced rhetorics of physically ailment and health-physical, emotional, and religious. The individuals to this assortment process their fascinating matters from quite a lot of well timed, theoretical, and interdisciplinary views, together with the philosophy of language, semiotics, and linguistics; ecology; women's and gender experiences; faith; and, the heritage of medication. The essays specialise in works by way of Dante, Chaucer, Spenser, Shakespeare, Donne, and Milton between others; the genres of epic, lyric, satire, drama, and the sermon; and cultural heritage artifacts reminiscent of medieval anatomies, the mathematics of plague debts of mortality, meteorology, and clinical courses for fit regimens.

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Download Dominicans, Muslims and Jews in the Medieval Crown of Aragon by Robin Vose PDF

By Robin Vose

With their lively apostolate of preaching and educating, Dominican friars have been vital promoters of Latin Christianity within the borderlands of medieval Spain and North Africa. Historians have lengthy assumed that their efforts to transform or persecute non-Christian populations performed an enormous position in worsening family among Christians, Muslims and Jews within the period of campaign and reconquista. This learn sheds mild at the subject by way of environment Dominican participation in celebrated yet short-lived tasks resembling Arabic language studia or anti-Jewish theological disputations along daily realities of mendicant existence within the medieval Crown of Aragon. From previous Catalan facilities like Barcelona to newly conquered Valencia and Islamic North Africa, the writer exhibits that Dominican friars have been regularly conservative educators and disciplinarians instead of cutting edge missionaries - ever involved to guard the religious health of the trustworthy through preaching, censorship and upkeep of current limitations to interfaith communications.

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Download Medieval Archaeology: Understanding Traditions and by Chris Gerrard PDF

By Chris Gerrard

The archaeology of the later heart a long time is a relatively new box of research in Britain. At a time whilst archaeoloy in general is experiencing a surge of recognition, our realizing of medieval payment, artefacts, setting, structures and landscapes has been revolutionised. Medieval archaeology is now taught generally all through Europe and has secured a spot in higer education's instructing throughout many disciplines. during this ebook Gerrard examines the lengthy and wealthy highbrow history of later medieval archaeology in England, Scotland and Wales and summarises its present place. Written in 3 elements, the writer first discusses the origins of antiquarian, Victorian and later reports and explores the pervasive impression of the Romantic move and the Gothic Revival. the guidelines and achievements of the Nineteen Thirties are singled out as a springboard for later methodological and conceptual advancements. half II examines the emergence of medieval archaeology as a extra coherent educational topic within the post-war years, appraising significant tasks and explaining the influence of processual archaeology and the rescue stream in the interval as much as the mid-1980s. eventually the booklet indicates the level to which the philosophies of maintenance and post-processual theoretical advances have began to make themselves felt. contemporary advancements in key components resembling reveals, settlements and constructions are all regarded as good as perform, investment and institutional roles. medieval Archaeology is an important paintings for college kids of medieval archaeology to learn and may be of curiosity to archaeologists, historians and all who learn or stopover at the monuments of the center a while.

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Download The Art of Warfare in Western Europe during the Middle Ages by J. F. Verbruggen PDF

By J. F. Verbruggen

For medieval technique and strategies there's not anything greater than this ebook. army historical past (US) battle is an important function of the historical past of the center a while, yet its research has usually been the province of amateurs; just recently have the technical information of battle and its business enterprise been topic to right scholarly research. Professor Verbruggen's significant paintings, impressive in its box, applies rigorous criteria in analysing usually very vague surviving proof, and reaches conclusions very assorted from past generations of army historians. He starts by means of analysing the assets for our wisdom of the army background of the interval, assessing their reliability: a few chroniclers exaggerate, others are cautious observers or have entry to respectable documents. There follows an exam of the constituent components of the medieval military, knights and footsoldiers, gear and phrases of provider, behaviour at the box, and psychology, sooner than the challenging query of medieval strategies is addressed via research of money owed of a sequence of significant battles. method is mentioned within the context of those battles: even if to hunt conflict, struggle a protecting warfare, or try a warfare of conquest.Originally released in Dutch in 1954, now translated and updated.J.F. VERBRUGGENis a distinctive Belgian army historian of large adventure. Prisoner of warfare, scholar, and a member of the resistance circulate throughout the moment international struggle, he therefore got his Ph.D., with maximum contrast, for learn into conflict within the heart a long time, and remained within the military as a lecturer on the Royal army college in Brussels till in 1956 he went to the Belgian Congo. He spent 20 years instructing in Africa, retiring as Professor of heritage, college of Congo, and college of Bujumbura (Burundi) in 1976.

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Download Food, Drink and Identity: Cooking, Eating and Drinking in by Peter Scholliers PDF

By Peter Scholliers

Food and drinks have supplied attention-grabbing insights into cultural styles in client societies. there's an intimate courting among nutrition and id yet procedures of id formation via foodstuff are faraway from transparent. This e-book provides a brand new standpoint to the prevailing physique of scholarship by way of addressing pivotal questions: is nutrients valuable or marginal to id building? Does meals both topic for all group(ing)s? Why may, in people's adventure, foodstuff develop into specifically vital at one second, or, to the contrary, lose its significance?

The starting place of nutrients conduct is usually interrogated. participants examine how, whilst, why and by means of whom cooking, consuming and ingesting have been used as a method of contrast. prime historians and sociologists examine techniques of authenticity, adjustment, invention and import, in addition to nutrition symptoms and codes, and why they've been authorized or rejected. They study a variety of sessions and themes: the aged, alcohol and id in Early smooth Europe; nutrients riots and nationwide id; noble households, consuming and consuming in eighteenth-century Spain; intake and the operating category within the 19th century; commensality; the which means of Champagne in Belle-Epoque France; the narrative of foodstuff in Norway; wine and bread in French Algeria; foodstuff and id in post-war Germany.

This fascinating e-book brings jointly new, comparative insights and examine that permit a greater knowing of tactics of integration and segregation, the function of nutrition within the development of identification, and the connection among previous and new nutrition habits.

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Download Le Bûcher de Montségur: 16 mars 1244 by Zoé Oldenbourg PDF

By Zoé Oldenbourg

En ce temps-là le Languedoc était pour l'Eglise un possibility : ses cooks y toléraient l. a. faith cathare. Pour los angeles France du Nord et l. a. monarchie capétienne, cette province riche, jalouse de son indépendance et de sa tradition, mais désunie, était une proie convoitée.
Quand le pape blameless III, en 1209, prêcha los angeles croisade contre l'hérésie cathare, commença une longue guerre de conquête : armées de croisés, puis armées royales déferlèrent sur le Languedoc. Les efforts conjugués de los angeles royauté, de l. a. Papauté et de l'Inquisition eurent raison de los angeles résistance occitane.
Le sixteen mars 1244, Montségur, dernier sanctuaire du catharisme, tombait après un siège de dix mois. Dans une Occitanie annexée à l. a. couronne, il n'y eut plus de tentative de révolte religieuse ni nationale.

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Download Social Identity in Early Medieval Britain (Studies in the by Andrew Tyrrell, William O. Frazer PDF

By Andrew Tyrrell, William O. Frazer

Social id is an idea od expanding significance within the social sciences. right here, the idea that is utilized to the customarily atheoretical realm of medieval reviews. every one contributor makes a speciality of a specific subject of early medieval identification - ethnicity, nationwide identification, social place, subjectivity/personhood, political association, kiship, the physique, gender, age, proximity/regionality, reminiscence and ideological platforms. the result's a pioneering imaginative and prescient of medieval social identification and a problem to a couple of the acquired normal wisdoms approximately this era.

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