By W Hoyle, Mike Lancaster
Generating huge amounts of waste isn't just environmentally unacceptable, it's also now not potential in fiscal phrases. The chemical undefined, fairly the speciality and prescribed drugs sectors, is turning into more and more conscious of the benefits linked to fresh know-how, fairly when it comes to aggressive virtue and environmental advantages. Bringing jointly an realizing of the suggestions and values of unpolluted expertise through the use of case experiences from a few major ecu international locations, this e-book presents an perception into topics similar to catalysis; procedure intensification; and the way to degree the "green" worth of a approach. It additionally highlights the position performed through either the chemical and chemical engineering disciplines within the improvement of purifier strategies. fresh know-how for the Manufacture of Speciality chemical compounds will turn out worthwhile studying for procedure improvement chemists and engineers, rather these within the specialities and prescribed drugs sectors, and also will be a massive resource of training fabric for the starting to be variety of fresh know-how chemistry classes.
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Additional resources for Clean Technology for the Manufacture of Specialty Chemicals
HCI 0 H,, cat. HCI This may be achieved in one stage, but has three chemistry steps. 1. Reduction of nitro group 2. Reduction of aromatic ring 3. Hydrochloride salt formation 4 EXAMPLES In order to illustrate the use of the template in route comparisons, an example is provided using a SmithKline Beecham compound, 32872. The flow diagrams are given for the route used for early supplies (Route A, Figure 2) and a 'new' route (Route B, Figure 3). It is not appropriate to describe in detail the chemistry involved in the two routes but a comparison of the template results is shown in Table 3.
E. ' By using high gas-liquid ratios as mentioned in Section 4, this means that a large amount of liquid must be recycled by the pump. ' 7 STATIC MIXER TECHNOLOGY Another approach is to make use of static mixing devices for improved gas-liquid contacting. In contrast with the loop reactor, this device is a plug flow reactor, and therefore less backmixing occurs, The amount of literature data on static mixers is impressive. 13S ~ l z e r ' ~and , ' ~Kenics16mixers, especially, have found wide acceptance within the chemical industry.
Stankiewicz and J. A. Moulijn, Chem. Eng. , 2000, 96 (l), 22. 2. G. F. Froment and K. B. , Wiley, Chichester, 1979, pp. 3 18-320. 3. -Y. Lee and Y . Pang Tsui, Chem. Eng. , 1999,95 (7), 23. 4. G. M. Leuteritz, P. Reimann and P. , 1976, 55 (6), 99. 5. L. L. van Dierendonck, G. W. Meindersma and G. M. Leuteritz, Proc. Eur. Con$ Mixing, 1988, 6th, 287. 6. C. A. M. C. Dirix and K. van der Wiele, Chem. Eng. , 1990,45 (8), 2333. 7. P. H. M. R. Cramers, L. L. van Dierendonck and A. A. C. M . Beenackers, Chern.