Download Colonial Voices: The Discourses of Empire by Pramod K. Nayar PDF

By Pramod K. Nayar

This obtainable cultural historical past explores four hundred years of British imperial event in India, constructing a coherent narrative via a variety of colonial records, from exhibition catalogues to memoirs and travelogues. It exhibits how those texts helped legitimize the ethical ambiguities of colonial rule while they helped the English style themselves.

  • An attractive exam of eu colonizers’ representations of local populations
  • Analyzes colonial discourse via a magnificent variety of basic resources, together with memoirs, letters, exhibition catalogues, administrative reviews, and travelogues
  • Surveys four hundred years of India’s background, from the sixteenth century to the tip of the British Empire
  • Demonstrates how colonial discourses naturalized the racial and cultural adjustments among the English and the Indians, and regulated anxieties over those differences

Chapter 1 Introducing Colonial Discourse (pages 1–11):
Chapter 2 trip, Exploration, and “Discovery” (pages 12–54):
Chapter three The Discourse of distinction (pages 55–103):
Chapter four Empire administration (pages 104–160):
Chapter five Civilizing the Empire (pages 161–200):
Chapter 6 Aesthetic knowing (pages 201–234):

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Example text

Roe, Terry, and Fryer do not function as the imperious eye, recording passive subjects. Instead, as these Travel, Exploration, and ‘‘Discovery’’ 35 examples show, they are themselves the subject of the natives’ (unwanted) gaze. The seventeenth-century narrative does not suggest a colonizing, or even an all-seeing, English gaze. It was a gaze of uncertainty but also of reciprocity where, as they ‘‘observed’’ the natives, they were observed in turn. Pleasure, then, in the rhetoric of visuality undeniably proceeds from visually pleasing novelties – commodities and luxuries, feminine and material – when described and narrated in appropriate tones of awe, discovery, and wonder.

14 What I want to suggest is that the search for places, routes, and knowledge was an ideological and a political one. Numerous images about the expansion of knowledge and traveling exist from the 1550–1700 period, reflecting a massive national effort to gather information about distant worlds. If Drayton’s eulogy for Ralph Fitch and other travelers to India underscored the epistemological basis and gains from their dangerous journey (‘‘To view those parts, to us that were most unknown’’), the necessity of expanding the empire of knowledge was articulated as a manifesto by a personage no less than Francis Bacon: ‘‘We will .

Christopher Farewell records the names of his fellow sailors (1633: 9–11). The second mode is to claim, like Fryer’s apology suggests, a ‘‘newness’’ and completeness of observation. We see this strategy in Thomas Herbert (1634: 3, 4, 6, 9, 13 and elsewhere). Ovington, like Fryer, defends his publication venture by saying: ‘‘there are several things here taken notice of, which have escaped the observations of other travelers’’ (1696: preface). Fryer seeks a representational realism – being true to facts and appearances – with his dry, impersonal narrative style to convey the effect of ‘‘objective’’ observation rather than a subjective one.

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