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By Rebecca Clifford

Commemorating the Holocaust: The Dilemmas of Remembrance in France and Italy unearths how and why the Holocaust got here to play a sought after function in French and Italian political tradition within the interval after the top of the chilly battle. by means of charting the advance of legitimate, nationwide Holocaust commemorations in France and Italy, Rebecca Clifford explains why the wartime persecution of Jews, a subject missed or marginalized in political discourse via a lot of the chilly struggle interval, got here to be a subject matter of extreme and sometimes arguable debate within the Nineteen Nineties and 2000s.

How and why have been legit Holocaust commemorations created? Why did the force for states to "remember" their roles within the persecution of Jewish populations speed up in basic terms after the cave in of the chilly struggle? Who pressed for those commemorations, and what encouraged their activism? To what volume was once the discourse surrounding nationwide Holocaust commemorations relatively concerning the genocide in any respect? Commemorating the Holocaust explores those key questions, hard commonly-held assumptions in regards to the origins of and avid gamers concerned with the production of Holocaust memorial days. Clifford attracts conclusions that shed gentle either at the nation of Holocaust reminiscence in France and Italy, and extra extensively at the collective reminiscence of worldwide battle II in modern Europe.

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Extra info for Commemorating the Holocaust: The Dilemmas of Remembrance in France and Italy

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Other groups began to demand that their own reading of the past gain official sponsorship. Organizations from all parts of the political spectrum used commemoration to assert or reinforce their own legitimacy. While commemorations Introduction 23 moved towards consensus at a public level, old divides—and some new ones as well—lingered under the surface. 52 As some aspects of the Holocaust and of the wartime past more generally are ‘remembered’ through commemoration, others are ‘forgotten’—which is to say that they are afforded no room for public expression.

24 P O S T - WA R S I L E N C E S Jewish concentration camp survivors comprised only a small percentage of the total number of prisoners and camp inmates repatriated after the war. Their numbers were dwarfed by those of returning prisoners of war, STOs, and non-Jewish concentration camp survivors. Where only a tiny fraction of Jewish deportees returned from Nazi camps, 44 per cent of 20 21 M. Rajsfus, La Rafle du Vél’ d’hiv’ (Paris, 2002). R. , 2006), 135. 22 On the roundups in the unoccupied zone, see S.

R. I. , 1987); C. Haft, The Bargain and the Bridle: The General Union of the Israelites of France, 1941–1944 (Chicago, 1983); and J. Adler, The Jews of Paris and the Final Solution (Oxford, 1987). The history of the UGIF, and in particular the question of the moral culpability of its administrators, remains controversial and often contested; the most accusatory and least sympathetic work on the UGIF remains that of Maurice Rajsfus (Des Juifs dans la Collaboration: l’UGIF 1941–1944, Paris, 1980).

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